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Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a public health issue in China, and its incidence in Guangdong Province is higher than the national average. Previous studies have found climatic factors have an influential role in the transmission of HFMD. Internet search technology has been shown to predict some infectious disease epidemics and is a potential resource in tracking epidemics in countries where the use of Internet search index data is prevalent. This study aims to improve the prediction of HFMD in two Chinese cities, Shantou and Shenzhen in Guangdong Province, applying both meteorological data and Baidu search indices to create a HFMD forecasting model. To this end, the relationship between meteorological factors and HFMD was found to be linear in both cities, while the relationship between search engine data and HFMD was not consistent. The results of our study suggest that using both Internet search and meteorological data can improve the prediction of HFMD incidence. Using comparative analysis of both cities, we posit that improved quality search indices enhance prediction of HFMD.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Science of the total environment
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Information application based on a variety of coding methods to minimize the amount of data to be stored, retrieved, or transmitted. Data compression can be applied to various forms of data, such as images and signals. It is used to reduce costs and increase efficiency in the maintenance of large volumes of data.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
A framework for development and promotion of common data formats and exchange protocols linked in a way that can be read directly by computers. Semantic Web is a platform for sharing and reusing data across application, enterprise, and community boundaries, by linking concepts rather than just documents.
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