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Biosurfactant coated silver and iron oxide nanoparticles with enhanced anti-biofilm and anti-adhesive properties.

08:00 EDT 19th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Biosurfactant coated silver and iron oxide nanoparticles with enhanced anti-biofilm and anti-adhesive properties."

Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus are among the hazardous biofilm forming bacteria ubiquitous in industrial/clinical wastes. Serious efforts are required to develop effective strategies to control surface-growing antibiotic resistant pathogenic bacterial communities which they are emerging as a global health issue. Blocking hazardous biofilms would be a useful aspect of biosurfactant coated nanoparticles (NPs). In this regard, we report a facile method for the synthesis of rhamnolipid (RL) coated silver (Ag) and iron oxide (FeO) NPs and propose the mechanism of their synergistic antibacterial and anti-adhesive properties against biofilms formed by P. aeruginosa and S. aureus. These NPs demonstrated excellent anti-biofilm activity not only during the biofilms formation but also on the pre-formed biofilms. Mechanistically, RL coated silver (35 nm) and FeO NPs (48 nm) generate reactive oxygen species, which contribute to the antimicrobial activity. The presence of RLs shell on the nanoparticles significantly reduces the cell adhesion by modifying the surface hydrophobicity and hence enhancing the anti-biofilm property of NPs against both mentioned strains. These findings suggest that RL coated Ag and FeO NPs may be used as potent alternate to reduce the infection severity by inhibiting the biofilm formation and, therefore, they possess potential biomedical applications for antibacterial coatings and wound dressings.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of hazardous materials
ISSN: 1873-3336
Pages: 441-448

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Iron (II,III) oxide (Fe3O4). It is a black ore of IRON that forms opaque crystals and exerts strong magnetism. The NANOPARTICLES; and MICROSPHERES of its mineral form, magnetite, have many biomedical applications.

Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.

Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.

The use of silver, usually silver nitrate, as a reagent for producing contrast or coloration in tissue specimens.

Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.

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