Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) is considered the psychological treatment of choice for anxiety disorders in the general population. However the efficacy of CBT for anxiety that occurs during the perinatal period, defined as the period from conception to 12 months post birth, is less understood. Perinatal anxiety is a complex and multifaceted problem that can affect both the pregnant women and the unborn child, as well as the wider family unit. The aim of this study was to synthesize the current empirical status of CBT for perinatal anxiety using a meta-analytic approach. Relevant articles were identified through a search of electronic databases through to June 2018. The search terms used include 'anxiety' or 'phobia' AND 'perinatal' or 'pregnan* or 'postnatal' or 'postpartum' AND 'CBT' or 'cognitive behav* therapy'. Randomized and non-randomized studies were included within the meta-analysis. A total of 13 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled between-group mean effect size was small at post treatment (k = 7; d = 0.49; 95%
0.08-0.91) favoring the CBT treatments (Q = 30.13, p <.001). Heterogeneity was high (I = 80.09). The pooled within-group mean effect size was large across the treatment groups from pre-treatment to post-treatment when combining all of the studies (i.e., controlled and uncontrolled studies; k = 14; d = 0.90; 95%
0.63-1.17). Heterogeneity was high (I = 88.55). Some preliminary and exploratory moderator analyses were also conducted to inform potential future research in this field.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of anxiety disorders
To determine whether comorbid attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis (including subtype) predicts response to cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) for anxiety in children and to examine...
The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of Kundalini Yoga in reducing symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) compared to a common treatment-as-usual condition using cognitive techniq...
Women with psychiatric disorders during pregnancy and the postpartum period (i.e., perinatal period) are at increased risk for adverse maternal and child outcomes. Effective treatment of psychiatric d...
To present an updated review of recent studies into the effect of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents, ways to increase access to therapy, and predictors...
Anxiety-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) effectively reduces anxiety in children and adolescents. An important remaining question is to what extent anxiety-focused CBT also affects broader o...
Anxiety Disorders (AD) are a serious mental health concern, affecting up to 15% of perinatal women. AD often coexists with depression and result in high distress and an impaired ability fo...
The main interest in this study is to investigate if it is possible to use strategies from Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) to increase effectiveness of ordinary Cognitive Behavioral The...
Anxiety disorders occur in up to 35% of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and have a negative effect on gait, dyskinesia, freezing, on/off fluctuations, and quality of life. With this...
Objective: 1. To evaluate the efficacy of a school-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) program in reducing anxiety disorder symptoms in at-risk public school children. ...
This study will examine the long-term effect of cognitive-affective behavior therapy on the physical symptoms, functioning, and health care utilization of people with somatization disorder...
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
A behavior therapy technique in which deep muscle relaxation is used to inhibit the effects of graded anxiety-evoking stimuli.
Agents that alleviate ANXIETY, tension, and ANXIETY DISORDERS, promote sedation, and have a calming effect without affecting clarity of consciousness or neurologic conditions. Some are also effective as anticonvulsants, muscle relaxants, or anesthesia adjuvants. ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS are commonly used in the symptomatic treatment of anxiety but are not included here.
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Depression is a serious mental health condition, where sad feelings carry on for weeks or months and interfere with your life. The symptoms include feeling unhappy most of the time (but may feel a little better in the evenings), loosing interest in lif...