Advertisement

Topics

The role of the striatum in linguistic selection: Evidence from Huntington's disease and computational modeling.

08:00 EDT 15th September 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The role of the striatum in linguistic selection: Evidence from Huntington's disease and computational modeling."

Though accumulating evidence indicates that the striatum is recruited during language processing, the specific function of this subcortical structure in language remains to be elucidated. To answer this question, we used Huntington's disease as a model of striatal lesion. We investigated the morphological deficit of 30 early Huntington's disease patients with a novel linguistic task that can be modeled within an explicit theory of linguistic computation. Behavioral results reflected an impairment in HD patients on the linguistic task. Computational model-based analysis compared the behavioral data to simulated data from two distinct lesion models, a selection deficit model and a grammatical deficit model. This analysis revealed that the impairment derives from an increased randomness in the process of selecting between grammatical alternatives, rather than from a disruption of grammatical knowledge per se. Voxel-based morphometry permitted to correlate this impairment to dorsal striatal degeneration. We thus show that the striatum holds a role in the selection of linguistic alternatives, just as in the selection of motor and cognitive programs.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cortex; a journal devoted to the study of the nervous system and behavior
ISSN: 1973-8102
Pages: 189-204

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [32886 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Enhanced Na -K -2Cl cotransporter 1 underlies motor dysfunction in huntington's disease.

Altered γ-aminobutyric acid signaling is believed to disrupt the excitation/inhibition balance in the striatum, which may account for the motor symptoms of Huntington's disease. Na-K-2Cl cotransporte...

Assessment of the Performance of a Modified Motor Scale as Applied to Juvenile Onset Huntington's Disease.

Huntington's disease can present at almost any age but traditionally, those with an onset ≤20 years are described as having juvenile onset Huntington's disease (JOHD). They are more likely to have b...

Cross-Sectional Area Analysis of the Head of the Caudate Nucleus in Huntington's Disease.

Caudate nucleus atrophy is a well-known neuroimaging feature of Huntington's disease (HD). Some researchers have reported a decrease in the volume of the striatum on magnetic resonance images (MRIs) e...

Ancillary Service Utilization and Impact in Huntington's Disease.

Prior Huntington's disease (HD) studies suggest ancillary services improve motor symptoms, cognition, mood, and quality of life but frequency of use and clinicalcharacteristics are unclear.

Huntington's Disease Clinical Trials Corner: January 2019.

In this edition of the Huntington's Disease Clinical Trials Corner we expand on the GENERATION-HD1 and PACE-HD trials, and we list all currently registered and ongoing clinical trials in Huntington's ...

Clinical Trials [9308 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Neurobiological Predictors of Huntington's Disease (PREDICT-HD)

The purpose of this trial is to study early brain and behavioral changes in people who have the gene expansion for Huntington's disease, but are currently healthy and have no symptoms.

Efficacy of a Combined Linguistic/Communication Therapy in Acute Aphasia After Stroke

Linguistic training is traditionally the gold standard for rehabilitation of aphasia after stroke and efficacy criteria count early stage, intensity as well as personalized treatment. To d...

Wearable Sensors for Quantitative Assessment of Motor Impairment in Huntington's Disease Huntington's Disease

The principal means of measuring motor impairment in Huntington disease (HD) is the Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS) total motor score, which is subjective, categorical, r...

Safety Study of the Novel Drug Dimebon to Treat Patients With Huntington's Disease

This study is being conducted to determine the safety and tolerability of Dimebon in people with Huntington's disease after short-term exposure (one week) and after longer exposure (three ...

Feasibility of a Video-oculography in Patients With Huntington's Disease VOG-HD Study

The purpose of this study is to know the limits of feasibility of a reliable oculomotor record for patient with Huntington's disease.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The phylogenetically newer part of the CORPUS STRIATUM consisting of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and PUTAMEN. It is often called simply the striatum.

A biochemical phenomenon in which misfolded proteins aggregate either intra- or extracellularly. Triggered by factors such as MUTATION, POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATIONS, and environmental stress, it is generally associated with ALZHEIMER DISEASE; PARKINSON DISEASE; HUNTINGTON DISEASE; and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS.

An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)

Membrane glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored glycoproteins that may aggregate into rod-like structures. The prion protein (PRNP) gene is characterized by five TANDEM REPEAT SEQUENCES that encode a highly unstable protein region of five octapeptide repeats. Mutations in the repeat region and elsewhere in this gene are associated with CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB DISEASE; FATAL FAMILIAL INSOMNIA; GERSTMANN-STRAUSSLER DISEASE; Huntington disease-like 1, and KURU.

A congenital condition where the greater portions of the cerebral hemispheres and CORPUS STRIATUM are replaced by CSF and glial tissue. The meninges and the skull are well formed, which is consistent with earlier normal embryogenesis of the telencephalon. Bilateral occlusions of the internal carotid arteries in utero is a potential mechanism. Clinical features include intact brainstem reflexes without evidence of higher cortical activity. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p307)

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Huntington's Disease
Huntington's disease is a hereditary disease caused by a defect in a single gene on Chromosome 4 that is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion. The defect causes a part of DNA, called a CAG repeat, to occur many more times than it is supposed to...


Searches Linking to this Article