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The Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched a collaborative initiative with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to gain a better understanding of ventilators that are used during national emergencies. This initiative was intended to test reliability of ventilator devices stored long term in the CDC Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) and also used by the Department of Defense. These ventilators are intended to be used by trained operators to provide ventilatory support to adult and pediatric populations under diverse environmental conditions. The authors evaluated device performance and possible effects of long-term storage.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of emergency management (Weston, Mass.)
As part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Pandemic Influenza Plan preparedness and response strategy, the National Pre-Pandemic Influenza Vaccine Stockpile (NPIVS) program was ...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Strategic National Stockpile is a national repository of potentially life-saving medical countermeasures including pharmaceuticals and medical supplies...
BACKGROUND Poor ergonomic design of ventilators can result in human errors. In this study, we evaluated the ergonomics of ventilators through respiratory therapists' performance, workload, and user ex...
Most anesthetic ventilators are designed to cope with a wide range of patient sizes and may lack precision at the lowest end of the minute volume scale. Neonatal intensive care ventilators on the othe...
In recent years, there has been a very active debate about the stability of drug products especially after exceeding the expiry dates. The regulatory authorities require comprehensive stability data f...
The main purpose of this study is to assess the usability of long-term stored H5N1 antigen and adjuvant. The study is designed to assist in stockpile management by assessing the safety, re...
The purpose of this study is to compare a new noninvasive ventilator to existing ventilators already used for patient care.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ability of a device reproducing patients' respiratory characteristics to select in-VITRO the most appropriate ventilator for a given pathology.
Evaluation of high intensity NIMV in terms of physiological parameters has been performed in short-term studies in COPD patients. However, the support pressure levels used in exacerbated p...
Home non-invasive ventilators are daily used by patients with chronic respiratory failure. There are frequently used with warming and humidifying systems. These systems need to be cared fo...
Planned and coordinated pre-event accumulation of ESSENTIAL DRUGS and medical supplies.
Body ventilators that assist ventilation by applying intermittent subatmospheric pressure around the thorax, abdomen, or airway and periodically expand the chest wall and inflate the lungs. They are relatively simple to operate and do not require tracheostomy. These devices include the tank ventilators ("iron lung"), Portalung, Pneumowrap, and chest cuirass ("tortoise shell").
Groups that serve as a standard for comparison in experimental studies. They are similar in relevant characteristics to the experimental group but do not receive the experimental intervention.
Artificial substitutes for body parts and materials inserted into organisms during experimental studies.
An organization that initiates and conducts studies of national policy and planning for health care and health-related education and research; it also responds to requests from the federal government and other agencies for studies and advice. Was founded as the Institute of Medicine in 1970 and changed in 2016 to a Division of the Academies.
In order to become availible to pateints, drugs need to undergo a number of phases of clinical trials to test their efficacy and safty and to then be authorised by the drug approval organistion in each respective country. This is the FDA in the USA and N...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...