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Mucopolysaccharidoses are a group of lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) characterized by the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Recently, LC-MS/MS has been widely applied in GAGs analysis combined with different sample preparations for cleaving GAGs to disaccharide units. The aim of the present is paper is to present a new method for the simultaneous quantification of urinary dermatan sulfate (DS) and heparan sulfate (HS) by LC-MS/MS, after butanolysis reaction. Chromatographic separation was achieved with a gradient of acetonitrile and water in 0.1% formic acid on a Kinetex Biphenyl analytical column in 21 min. Calibration curves ranging from 0.78 to 50 μg/mL for HS and from 1.56 to 100 μg/mL for DS were prepared and the coefficient of determination (r) was higher than 0.99 for both analytes. Intra-day and inter-day imprecisions and the bias for both compounds were <10.0%. Up to now, most analytical procedures for quantifying GAGs have not had a high level of reproducibility among laboratories, despite the availability of various techniques. The adoption of a new protocol incorporating the methods outlined in this paper could significantly improve the quality and reproducibility of MS results. A procedure using simple steps for preparing samples and reagents that are easily available on the market could promote the standardization of analytical procedures and increase the use of these measurements in clinical practice.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry
This article provides supplementary data for the paper "LC-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantification of heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate in urine by butanolysis derivatization" (Forni et al., 2...
The aim of this study was to use the liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method to quantitate levels of three urinary glycosaminoglycans (GAGs; dermatan sulfate [DS], heparan sul...
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Heparanase is an endo-β-glucuronidase that cleaves heparin-sulfate (HS) side chains of heparan sulfate proteoglycans, an integral constituent of the extra cellular matrix (ECM). This stu...
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An enzyme that specifically cleaves the ester sulfate of iduronic acid. Its deficiency has been demonstrated in Hunter's syndrome, which is characterized by an excess of dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate. EC 184.108.40.206.
Derivatives of chondroitin which have a sulfate moiety esterified to the galactosamine moiety of chondroitin. Chondroitin sulfate A, or chondroitin 4-sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate C, or chondroitin 6-sulfate, have the sulfate esterified in the 4- and 6-positions, respectively. Chondroitin sulfate B (beta heparin; DERMATAN SULFATE) is a misnomer and this compound is not a true chondroitin sulfate.
An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC 220.127.116.11.
Enzymes which catalyze the elimination of delta-4,5-D-glucuronate residues from polysaccharides containing 1,4-beta-hexosaminyl and 1,3-beta-D-glucuronosyl or 1,3-alpha-L-iduronosyl linkages thereby bringing about depolymerization. EC 18.104.22.168 acts on chondroitin sulfate A and C as well as on dermatan sulfate and slowly on hyaluronate. EC 22.214.171.124 acts on chondroitin sulfate A and C.
An enzyme that catalyzes the activation of sulfate ions by ATP to form adenosine-5'-phosphosulfate and pyrophosphate. This reaction constitutes the first enzymatic step in sulfate utilization following the uptake of sulfate. EC 126.96.36.199.
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