Survival, Quality of Life, and Functional Status Following Prolonged ICU Stay in Cardiac Surgical Patients: A Systematic Review.

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Summary of "Survival, Quality of Life, and Functional Status Following Prolonged ICU Stay in Cardiac Surgical Patients: A Systematic Review."

Compared with noncardiac critical illness, critically ill postoperative cardiac surgical patients have different underlying pathophysiologies, are exposed to different processes of care, and thus may experience different outcome trajectories. Our objective was to systematically review the outcomes of cardiac surgical patients requiring prolonged intensive care with respect to survival, residential status, functional recovery, and quality of life in both hospital and long-term follow-up.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Critical care medicine
ISSN: 1530-0293


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)

Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.

A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)

The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.

Continuance of life or existence especially under adverse conditions; includes methods and philosophy of survival.

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Surgical treatments
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...

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