When motion improves working memory.

07:00 EST 7th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "When motion improves working memory."

In the present study, we used a complex span task to explore how memory traces resulting from Self-Performed Task (SPT) and Verbal Task (VT) are maintained in working memory. Participants memorised series of five sentences describing an action either through SPT or VT. Between pairs of sentences, participants performed a concurrent task that varied according to its nature and its cognitive load. The concurrent task was either a verbal task, a low cognitive load motor task or a high cognitive load motor task. A control condition served as a baseline. First, we observed that performance in SPT and VT did not decrease with verbal or motor suppression, but was lower with an increase of the cognitive load. This suggests that memory traces are maintained through attentional refreshing whatever the encoding (SPT or VT). Second, while the enactment effect was replicated in the control condition, it tended to vanish with a verbal concurrent task; moreover, it was reversed with motor concurrent tasks. Surprisingly, the latter effect resulted from an increase of VT memory performance when participants repeated the same gesture between sentences. Finally, our results provide additional evidence that the enactment effect does not rely on attention.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Memory (Hove, England)
ISSN: 1464-0686
Pages: 1-7


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [7039 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Gray Matter Microstructural Abnormalities and Working Memory Deficits in Individuals with Schizophrenia.

Working memory impairments serve as prognostic factors for patients with schizophrenia. Working memory deficits are mainly associated with gray matter (GM) thickness and volume. We investigated the as...

Trait anxiety is associated with a decreased visual working memory capacity for faces.

Recent work has suggested that anxiety restricts working memory capacity, which may underlie a wide range of cognitive symptoms in anxiety. However, previous literature on the anxiety-visual working m...

Inter-individual differences in working memory improvement after acute mild and moderate aerobic exercise.

Many studies have shown that aerobic exercise improves cognitive function and maintains brain health. In particular, moderate-intensity exercise is effective for improving cognitive performance. Howev...

Did that just happen? Event segmentation influences enumeration and working memory for simple overlapping visual events.

For working memory to be efficient, it is important not only to remember, but also to forget-thus freeing up memory for additional information. But what triggers forgetting? Beyond continuous temporal...

Affective Working Memory: An Integrative Psychological Construct.

When people ruminate about an unfortunate encounter with a loved one, savor a long-sought accomplishment, or hold in mind feelings from a marvelous or regretfully tragic moment, what mental processes ...

Clinical Trials [4378 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Working Memory Training in Young ADHD Children

The purpose of this study is to investigate whether working memory training improves behavioral symptoms, neurocognitive performance, and neural functioning in young children with ADHD.

Working Memory Training in COPD Patients: the Cogtrain-Trial

General cognitive impairment is highly prevalent in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Domain-specific cognitive impairments include deficits in domains such as cogniti...

Pilot Study of the Feasibility and Efficacy of Working Memory Training in Children With Cochlear Implants

This study is an investigation of the effect of a computer-based working memory training program on memory and language processing in at-risk children (e.g., those with working memory weak...

Gestural Short Term and Working Memory Task

According to the working memory model, which accounts for the organisation of working memory, the processing of non-meaningful gestures is not clear. Some authors suggest that working memo...

Subjective Memory Complaints, Objective Memory Performance and Cognitive Training

The aim of this study is to examine if repetitive computerized cognitive training improves working memory in patients who are on sick leave due to complex symptom disorders (chronic pain, ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Type of declarative memory, consisting of personal memory in contrast to general knowledge.

People who are in the labor force either working or looking for work for 27 weeks or more in a year, but whose income fall below a given poverty line.

A neuropsychological test designed to assess different memory functions. It may incorporate an optional cognitive exam (Brief Cognitive Status Exam) that helps to assess memory related cognitive function.

A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.

Neurological process involving the conversion of learned information into long-term memory.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article