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We evaluated the pathogenicity of the entomopathogenic nematodes native to Mexico, Heterorhabditis indica, Heterorhabditis sp. and Steinernema sp., towards M. domestica under controlled conditions. For adults, concentrations of 1,600 (A) and 1,200 (B) nematodes/ml were considered. For larvae, only the first concentration applied to filter paper, wheat bran, and peat moss as substrates was evaluated. An analysis of variance showed that the differences in adult mortality were only significant (p = 0.0001) among nematode species but not among concentrations within species. However, differences were significant (p = 0.0001) when data were analyzed when 50% of the individuals died (LT ). For H. indica, the LT were 46.5 h and 65.8 h for the concentrations A and B, respectively. Females were more susceptible than males. H. indica recorded the highest mortality, with 79.2% and 35.5% for females and males, respectively. Significant differences (p ≤ 0.05) were recorded in larval mortality. H. indica induced the highest mortality (53.3%) when applied on peat moss. The results are a fundamental basis for future management studies of M. domestica by entomopathogenic nematodes.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of vector ecology : journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
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Infections with nematodes of the order RHABDITIDA.
Flies of the species Musca domestica (family MUSCIDAE), which infest human habitations throughout the world and often act as carriers of pathogenic organisms.
A genus of nematodes of the superfamily STRONGYLOIDEA, parasitic in the intestines of animals. The adults are usually free in the intestinal lumen; the larvae encyst in the wall.
An order of nematodes of the subclass SECERNENTEA. Its organisms are characterized by an annulated or smooth cuticle and the absence of caudal glands.
A superfamily of nematodes of the order RHABDITIDA. Characteristics include an open tube stoma and an excretory system with lateral canals.