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Phenylurea herbicides (PHs) are frequently detected as major water contaminants in areas where there is extensive use. In this study, Diaphorobacter sp. strain LR2014-1, which initially hydrolyzes linuron to 3,4-dichloroanaline, and Achromobacter sp. strain ANB-1, which further mineralizes the produced aniline derivatives, were isolated from a linuron-mineralizing consortium despite being present at low abundance in the community. The synergistic catabolism of linuron by the consortium containing these two strains resulted in more efficient catabolism of linuron and growth of both strains. Strain LR2014-1 harbors two evolutionary divergent hydrolases from the amidohydrolase superfamily Phh and the amidase superfamily TccA2, which functioned complementarily in the hydrolysis of various types of PHs, including linuron (N-methoxy-N-methyl-substituted), diuron, chlorotoluron and fluomethuron (N,N-dimethyl-substituted) and siduron. These findings show that a bacterial consortium can contain catabolically synergistic species for PH mineralization and one strain could harbor functionally complementary hydrolases for a broadened substrate range.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
To investigate the coupling mechanism between naphthalene degradation and denitrification using a liquid media containing naphthalene (sole carbon source) and nitrate, a naphthalene degradation bacter...
A bacterial consortium, named SWO, was enriched from crude oil-contaminated seawater from Phrao Bay in Rayong Province, Thailand, after a large oil spill in 2013. The bacterial consortium degraded a p...
The study aimed to determine the possible contribution of specific growth conditions and community structures to variable carbon enrichment factors (Ɛ-) values for the degradation of chlorinated ethe...
A halotolerant bacterial consortium capable of degrading di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) was enriched from activated sludge. Community analysis revealed that LF contained seven families and seven g...
Oil-based drill cuttings are hazardous wastes containing complex hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and brine. Their remediation is a crucial step before release to the environment. In this work, we enriched...
The Family Investigation of Nephropathy and Diabetes (FIND)Study is a multi-center consortium. The charge of the consortium is to acquire sets of families with well-characterized diabetic ...
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is a common infectious disorder and is characterized by a disturbance in the vaginal microbiological milieu. Anaerobic bacteria, such as Gardnerella vaginalis and ...
In France, two-thirds of adults over 35 years of age have at least a periodontal disease. The etiology is the accumulation of dental plaque, especially in interdental spaces. The cleaning ...
Patients with chemo refractory CLL have a poor prognosis. 2 independent mechanisms are attributed to the development of chemoresistance in CLL. The first is a shift in the balance between ...
The present study is to demonstrate the effect of the presence of bacterial translocation detected by bacterial deoxyribonucleic acid (bactDNA) in blood and ascites using the polymerase ch...
The passage of viable bacteria from the gastrointestinal tract to extra-intestinal sites, such as the mesenteric lymph node complex, liver, spleen, kidney, and blood. Factors that promote bacterial translocation include overgrowth with gram-negative enteric bacilli, impaired host immune defenses, and injury to the intestinal mucosa resulting in increased intestinal permeability. These mechanisms can act in concert to promote synergistically the systemic spread of indigenous translocating bacteria to cause lethal sepsis.
A class of natural cyclic peptide antibiotics produced by certain subspecies of STREPTOMYCES. They include two structurally unrelated components, STREPTOGRAMIN GROUP A and STREPTOGRAMIN GROUP B, which generally act synergistically to inhibit bacterial growth.
Compounds that include the amino-N-phenylamide structure.
A substance occurring in the urine of mammals and also in blood plasma as the normal metabolite of tryptophan. An increased urinary excretion of indican is seen in Hartnup disease from the bacterial degradation of unabsorbed tryptophan.
Phenyl esters of carbamic acid or of N-substituted carbamic acids. Structures are similar to PHENYLUREA COMPOUNDS with a carbamate in place of the urea.
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Alternative medicine are whole medical systems that did not fit with conventional medicine as they have completely different philosophies and ideas on the causes of disease, methods of diagnosis and approaches to treatment. Although often overlapping, co...