Advertisement

Topics

Dysphagia in cerebral hypoxia.

07:00 EST 8th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Dysphagia in cerebral hypoxia."

Dysphagia is a frequent problem in various neurological disorders. However, knowledge on swallowing function in patients with cerebral hypoxia is sparse. The objective of this study is to report the development of swallowing function in a series of adolescent and young-adult patients with cerebral hypoxia.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: NeuroRehabilitation
ISSN: 1878-6448
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [2732 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

No neurodevelopmental benefit of cerebral oximetry in the first randomised trial in preterm infants during the first days of life (SafeBoosC II).

Cerebral hypoxia has been associated with neurodevelopmental impairment. We studied whether reducing cerebral hypoxia in extremely preterm infants during the first 72 hours of life affected neurologic...

Detection of Brain Hypoxia Based on Noninvasive Optical Monitoring of Cerebral Blood Flow with Diffuse Correlation Spectroscopy.

Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) noninvasively permits continuous, quantitative, bedside measurements of cerebral blood flow (CBF). To test whether optical monitoring (OM) can detect decrements ...

Dysphagia from a gastroenterologist's perspective.

Swallowing disorders (dysphagia) comprise a common cause of medical consultation and are defined as a subjective sensation of difficulty or abnormality of swallowing. In the initial step, a clear diff...

Astragaloside IV reduces the hypoxia-induced injury in PC-12 cells by inhibiting expression of miR-124.

Astragalus membranaceus has been clinically used in cerebral ischemia treatment in China and its main component, Astragaloside IV (Ast IV) shows anti-hypoxia activity, but the underlying mechanism has...

Hypoxia compounds exercise-induced free radical formation in humans; partitioning contributions from the cerebral and femoral circulation.

This study examined to what extent the human cerebral and femoral circulation contribute to free radical formation during basal and exercise-induced responses to hypoxia. Healthy participants (5♂, 5...

Clinical Trials [1956 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Effects of Hypobaria vs Hypoxia on Cerebral Functions.

The investigators will investigate the effect of hypobaria and hypoxia on physiological responses such as: oxygen saturation, heart rate, cerebral blood flow, cerebral oxygenation, brain's...

Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism During Hypoxia and Endotoxemia

The objective of the present protocol is to study whether a low level of oxygen in the blood will affect the immune response to as well as cerebral blood flow and metabolism during an infe...

CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) - Cerebral Oxygenation

Several projects in high altitude research in environments with a low oxygen partial pressure (hypobaric hypoxia) leading to hypoxemia showed, that cerebral perfusion and cerebral performa...

Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation Evaluation for Dysphagia After Stroke

This is a randomized, sham-controlled, patient masked, outcome assessor-blinded study to assess a Pharyngeal Electrical Stimulation (PES) Catheter for treatment of oropharyngeal dysphagia ...

Validation and Reliability Testing of Dysphagia Trained Nurse Assessment

Nurses at Royal Derby Hospital, UK have been trained to use a comprehensive protocol based dysphagia assessment (Dysphagia Trained Nurse Assessment (DTNAx)) to assess all acute stroke pati...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Degeneration of white matter adjacent to the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES following cerebral hypoxia or BRAIN ISCHEMIA in neonates. The condition primarily affects white matter in the perfusion zone between superficial and deep branches of the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY. Clinical manifestations include VISION DISORDERS; CEREBRAL PALSY; PARAPLEGIA; SEIZURES; and cognitive disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1021; Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch4, pp30-1)

A disorder characterized by a reduction of oxygen in the blood combined with reduced blood flow (ISCHEMIA) to the brain from a localized obstruction of a cerebral artery or from systemic hypoperfusion. Prolonged hypoxia-ischemia is associated with ISCHEMIC ATTACK, TRANSIENT; BRAIN INFARCTION; BRAIN EDEMA; COMA; and other conditions.

Difficulty in SWALLOWING which may result from neuromuscular disorder or mechanical obstruction. Dysphagia is classified into two distinct types: oropharyngeal dysphagia due to malfunction of the PHARYNX and UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; and esophageal dysphagia due to malfunction of the ESOPHAGUS.

Softening or loss of brain tissue following CEREBRAL INFARCTION; cerebral ischemia (see BRAIN ISCHEMIA), infection, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, or other injury. The term is often used during gross pathologic inspection to describe blurred cortical margins and decreased consistency of brain tissue following infarction. Multicystic encephalomalacia refers to the formation of multiple cystic cavities of various sizes in the cerebral cortex of neonates and infants following injury, most notably perinatal hypoxia-ischemic events. (From Davis et al., Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p665; J Neuropathol Exp Neurol, 1995 Mar;54(2):268-75)

Dioxygenase enzymes that specifically hydroxylate a PROLINE residue on the HYPOXIA-INDUCIBLE FACTOR 1, ALPHA SUBUNIT. They are OXYGEN-dependent enzymes that play an important role in mediating cellular adaptive responses to HYPOXIA.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article