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Cytochrome P450 1A1, 2C9, 2C19, and 3A4 polymorphisms account for inter-individual variability of toxicological drug metabolism in cynomolgus macaques.

07:00 EST 9th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Cytochrome P450 1A1, 2C9, 2C19, and 3A4 polymorphisms account for inter-individual variability of toxicological drug metabolism in cynomolgus macaques."

Cytochromes P450 (P450s) and their genetic variants in humans are important drug-metabolizing enzymes partly accounted for inter-individual variations in drug metabolism and toxicity. However, these genetic variants in P450s have not been fully investigated in cynomolgus macaques, a non-human primate species widely used in toxicological studies. In this study, genetic variants found in cynomolgus CYP1A1, CYP2C9 (formerly CYP2C43), CYP2C19 (CYP2C75), and CYP3A4 (CYP3A8) were assessed on functional importance. Re-sequencing of CYP1A1 in cynomolgus macaques found 18 non-synonymous variants, of which M121I and V382I were located in SRSs, domains potentially important for P450 function. By further analyzing these two variants, V382I was significantly associated with lower drug-metabolizing activities in the liver for the heterozygotes than the wild types. Similarly, the heterozygotes or homozygotes of CYP2C9 variants (A82V and H344R) and CYP2C19 variant (A490V) showed significantly lower drug-metabolizing activities in the liver than the wild types. Moreover, the homozygotes of CYP3A4 variant (S437N) showed significantly higher activities than the wild type in the liver. Kinetic analyses using recombinant proteins revealed that CYP2C9 variants (A82V and H344R) showed substantially lower Ks values than the wild type, although CYP1A1 variant (V382I) showed kinetic parameters similar to the wild type. Likewise, CYP2C19 variant (A490V) showed substantially a lower Vmax/Km value than the wild type, whereas CYP3A4 variant (S437N) showed a higher Vmax/Km value than the wild type. These results suggest the toxicologically functional importance of CYP2C9 variants (A82V and H344R), CYP2C19 variant (A490V), and CYP3A4 variant (S437N) for hepatic drug metabolism in cynomolgus macaques.

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Name: Chemical research in toxicology
ISSN: 1520-5010
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