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Topology and Geometry of Spin Origami.

08:00 EDT 26th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Topology and Geometry of Spin Origami."

Kagome antiferromagnets are known to be highly frustrated and degenerate when they possess simple, isotropic interactions. We consider the entire class of these magnets when their interactions are spatially anisotropic. We do so by identifying a certain class of systems whose degenerate ground states can be mapped onto the folding motions of a generalized "spin origami" two-dimensional mechanical sheet. Some such anisotropic spin systems, including Cs_{2}ZrCu_{3}F_{12}, map onto flat origami sheets, possessing extensive degeneracy similar to isotropic systems. Others, such as Cs_{2}CeCu_{3}F_{12}, can be mapped onto sheets with nonzero Gaussian curvature, leading to more mechanically stable corrugated surfaces. Remarkably, even such distortions do not always lift the entire degeneracy, instead permitting a large but subextensive space of zero-energy modes. We show that for Cs_{2}CeCu_{3}F_{12}, due to an additional point group symmetry associated with the structure, these modes are "Dirac" line nodes with a double degeneracy protected by a topological invariant. The existence of mechanical analogs thus serves to identify and explicate the robust degeneracy of the spin systems.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physical review letters
ISSN: 1079-7114
Pages: 177201

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