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Engineering Carrier Effective Masses in Ultrathin Quantum Wells of IrO_{2}.

08:00 EDT 26th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Engineering Carrier Effective Masses in Ultrathin Quantum Wells of IrO_{2}."

The carrier effective mass plays a crucial role in modern electronic, optical, and catalytic devices and is fundamentally related to key properties of solids such as the mobility and density of states. Here we demonstrate a method to deterministically engineer the effective mass using spatial confinement in metallic quantum wells of the transition metal oxide IrO_{2}. Using a combination of in situ angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements in conjunction with precise synthesis by oxide molecular-beam epitaxy, we show that the low-energy electronic subbands in ultrathin films of rutile IrO_{2} have their effective masses enhanced by up to a factor of 6 with respect to the bulk. The origin of this strikingly large mass enhancement is the confinement-induced quantization of the highly nonparabolic, three-dimensional electronic structure of IrO_{2} in the ultrathin limit. This mechanism lies in contrast to that observed in other transition metal oxides, in which mass enhancement tends to result from complex electron-electron interactions and is difficult to control. Our results demonstrate a general route towards the deterministic enhancement and engineering of carrier effective masses in spatially confined systems, based on an understanding of the three-dimensional bulk electronic structure.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physical review letters
ISSN: 1079-7114
Pages: 176802

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