Dynamo Effect and Turbulence in Hydrodynamic Weyl Metals.

08:00 EDT 26th October 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Dynamo Effect and Turbulence in Hydrodynamic Weyl Metals."

The dynamo effect is a class of macroscopic phenomena responsible for generating and maintaining magnetic fields in astrophysical bodies. It hinges on the hydrodynamic three-dimensional motion of conducting gases and plasmas that achieve high hydrodynamic and/or magnetic Reynolds numbers due to the large length scales involved. The existing laboratory experiments modeling dynamos are challenging and involve large apparatuses containing conducting fluids subject to fast helical flows. Here we propose that electronic solid-state materials-in particular, hydrodynamic metals-may serve as an alternative platform to observe some aspects of the dynamo effect. Motivated by recent experimental developments, this Letter focuses on hydrodynamic Weyl semimetals, where the dominant scattering mechanism is due to interactions. We derive Navier-Stokes equations along with equations of magnetohydrodynamics that describe the transport of a Weyl electron-hole plasma appropriate in this regime. We estimate the hydrodynamic and magnetic Reynolds numbers for this system. The latter is a key figure of merit of the dynamo mechanism. We show that it can be relatively large to enable observation of the dynamo-induced magnetic field bootstrap in an experiment. Finally, we generalize the simplest dynamo instability model-the Ponomarenko dynamo-to the case of a hydrodynamic Weyl semimetal and show that the chiral anomaly term reduces the threshold magnetic Reynolds number for the dynamo instability.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physical review letters
ISSN: 1079-7114
Pages: 176603


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [11260 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Topological valley pumping in Weyl semimetals.

We investigate the topological pumping effect in Weyl semimetals, subject to the modulation of two $ac$ electric fields along $y$ and $z$ directions, respectively. We show that the pumping effect orig...

Thermal and electrical signatures of a hydrodynamic electron fluid in tungsten diphosphide.

In stark contrast to ordinary metals, in materials in which electrons strongly interact with each other or with phonons, electron transport is thought to resemble the flow of viscous fluids. Despite t...

Landau quantization in coupled Weyl points: a case study of semimetal NbP.

Weyl semimetal (WSM) is a newly discovered quantum phase of matter that exhibits topologically protected states characterized by two separated Weyl points with linear dispersion in all directions. Her...

Proximity-induced superconductivity with sub-gap anomaly in type-II Weyl semimetal WTe2.

Due to the non-trivial topological band structure in type-II Weyl semimetal Tungsten ditelluride (WTe2), unconventional properties may emerge in its superconducting phase. While realizing intrinsic su...

Structure parameter of anisotropic atmospheric turbulence expressed in terms of anisotropic factors and oceanic turbulence parameters.

The structure parameter of the anisotropic atmospheric turbulence is expressed in terms of atmospheric, oceanic anisotropic factors in x and y directions, and the oceanic turbulence parameters, which ...

Clinical Trials [1470 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Influence of Heavy Metals Exposure on in Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Outcome

Exposure to heavy metals may interfere with basic cellular functions, including DNA synthesis. The aim of the study is to correlate heavy metals concentration in body fluids of repr...

Magneto-rheology to Lower Blood Pressure

Heart attacks and strokes are the leading causes of death in US. High blood viscosity and turbulence in blood flow are the key for cardiovascular diseases. Recent research has shown that a...

Heavy Metals, Obesity and Cardiovascular Risk - Ancillary to Look AHEAD

To evaluate the relationship of baseline toenail chromium concentrations to weight loss, as well as the interaction between heavy metals and the beneficial effects of weight loss.

Evaluation of Toxic Metals, Trace Elements and Total Antioxidant Activity in Children With Recurrent Wheezing

The purpose of this study is to evaluate hair trace elements and toxic metals and plasma total antioxidant activity in children with recurrent wheezing and to evaluate whether these toxic ...

The Effect of Hydrodynamic Parameters on Corneal Endothelial Cell Loss After Phacoemulsification

The purpose of this study is to compare two surgical techniques (high vacuum and low vacuum) on corneal endothelium after phacoemulsification.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)

An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.

A group of elements that include SCANDIUM; YTTRIUM; and the LANTHANOID SERIES ELEMENTS. Historically, the rare earth metals got their name from the fact that they were never found in their pure elemental form, but as an oxide. In addition they were very difficult to purify. They are not truly rare and comprise about 25% of the metals in the earth's crust.

Metals that constitute group 1(formerly group Ia) of the periodic table. They are the most strongly electropositive of the metals. Note that HYDROGEN is not considered an alkali metal even though it falls under the group 1 heading in the periodic table.

Metals that constitute the group 2 (formerly group IIa) of the periodic table.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells.  In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...

Searches Linking to this Article