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Hemoperitoneum is a well-recognized complication in female peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients of childbearing age. Bloody effluent is commonly of minor nature, presenting during menstruation or midcycle, resolving after a few rapid exchanges without a need for further intervention. One must remain vigilant, however, and consider a broader differential diagnosis when hemoperitoneum is persistent or severe, as it indicates a serious and potentially life-threatening etiology. We report 2 episodes of hemoperitoneum in a PD patient occurring more than 1.5 years apart, with different underlying etiologies. The more dramatic second episode was due to a ruptured ectopic pregnancy, a condition which had not been reported as a cause of hemoperitoneum in dialysis patients to date and requires a high index of suspicion and prompt surgical intervention.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Peritoneal dialysis international : journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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Portable peritoneal dialysis using the continuous (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) presence of peritoneal dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity except for periods of drainage and instillation of fresh solution.
Dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
Disorder characterized by a wide range of structural changes in PERITONEUM, resulting from fibrogenic or inflammatory processes. Peritoneal fibrosis is a common complication in patients receiving PERITONEAL DIALYSIS and contributes to its gradual decrease in efficiency.
A potentially life-threatening condition in which the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN implants outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).
In medicine, dialysis is a process for removing waste and excess water from the blood, and is primarily used to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function in people with renal failure. Dialysis may be used for those with an acute disturba...
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