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Weaning European glass eels (Anguilla anguilla) with plant protein-based diets and its effects on intestinal maturation.

07:00 EST 8th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Weaning European glass eels (Anguilla anguilla) with plant protein-based diets and its effects on intestinal maturation."

Weaning glass eels with compound diets (36% proteins, 16% lipids) differing in their fishmeal (FM) level (50, 75 and 100% FM replaced by a blend of plant proteins, PP) was compared to a group fed cod roe. Weaning lasted for 20 days and then, eels were fed compound diets for 70 days, whereas the other group was only fed cod roe (90 days). Diets were tested with four replicates and evaluated in terms of growth, survival, glass eels metamorphosis into elvers, oxidative stress status and activity of digestive enzymes. Although glass eels are fed with fish roe and progressively weaned onto compound diets, results revealed that this strategy should not be prolonged for a long time, since feeding glass eels with cod roe for 90 days negatively affected their growth (2 times lower than fish fed compound diets), delayed their metamorphosis, as well as the maturation of their digestive function as the ratio of alkaline phosphatase and leucine-alanine peptidase indicated. Weaning glass eels onto compound diets differing in their FM levels did not affect their growth, metamorphic stage nor the activity of pancreatic enzymes (total alkaline proteases, trypsin, bile salt-activated lipase and α-amylase), although 75% FM replacement by PP sources delayed the level of intestinal maturation in eels. In comparison to glass eels fed the 100% FM diet, survival was negatively affected in groups fed diets with 50 and 75% FM replacement by PP ingredients, which indicated that further improvement is needed in diet formulation for this stage of development.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology
ISSN: 1531-4332
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