Detection of carbapenemases, AmpC and ESBL genes in Acinetobacter isolates from ICUs by DNA microarray.

07:00 EST 10th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Detection of carbapenemases, AmpC and ESBL genes in Acinetobacter isolates from ICUs by DNA microarray."

The accumulation of multiple inherent and acquired resistance mechanisms in Acinetobacter spp. results in emergence of "pandrug resistant" strains which is one of the major concerns in healthcare sectors worldwide. Surveillance of the carbapenemase/ extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) genes in A. baumannii by phenotypic methods is challenging especially in developing countries, like Pakistan. In this context, a novel microarray (CT 103XL Check-MDR) assay was used for simultaneous detection of genes encoding clinically important carbapenemases and ESBLs. The results were compared with the phenotypic methods including MHT, Rapidec Carba NP, EDTA+DDST and Rosco (KPC/MBL). The results of the microarray were also confirmed by PCR. All of the strains of A. baumannii (47) were resistant to imipenem and meropenem. Microarray and PCR results showed presence of OXA-23 in all the isolates of A. baumannii while 36.17% also harbored PER. Rosco kit test showed 100% sensitivity to detect carbapenemases but exhibited low specificity to classify them. Rapidec Carba NP test has 100% sensitivity and specificity to detect the carbapenemases when compared with microarray. Sensitivity and specificity of microarray assay were 100% for bla-genes in comparison to PCR. This reveals that Check-MDR CT103 XL assay is an accurate method for the identification of ESBLs and carbapenemase genes in A. baumannii in comparison to the other methods.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of microbiological methods
ISSN: 1872-8359


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