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Biological dosimetry enables individual dose reconstruction in the case of unclear or inconsistent radiation exposure situations, especially when a direct measurement of ionizing radiation is not or is no longer possible. To be prepared for large-scale radiological incidents, networking between well-trained laboratories has been identified as a useful approach for provision of the fast and trustworthy dose assessments needed in such circumstances. To this end, various biodosimetry laboratories worldwide have joined forces and set up regional and/or nationwide networks either on a formal or informal basis. Many of these laboratories are also a part of global networks such as those organized by World Health Organization, International Atomic Energy Agency or Global Health Security Initiative. In the present report, biodosimetry networks from different parts of the world are presented, and the partners, activities and cooperation actions are detailed. Moreover, guidance for situational application of tools used for individual dosimetry is given.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Radiation protection dosimetry
The USA must be prepared to provide a prompt, coordinated and integrated response for radiation dose and injury assessment for suspected radiation exposure, whether it involves isolated cases or mass ...
Determination of Spontaneous Dicentric Frequencies and Establishment of Dose-response Curves after Expose of Human Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes to Low and High Dose Rate Co Gamma Rays - The Basis for Cytogenetic Biodosimetry in Vietnam.
The purposes of this study are to investigate spontaneous dicentric frequencies and dose response curves of dicentrics induced by gamma Co for replenishing the data sets used for biodosimetry in Viet...
In the event of a mass casualty radiation scenario, biodosimetry has the potential to quantify individual exposures for triaging and providing dose-appropriate medical intervention. Structural mainten...
DosiKit is a field radiation biodosimetry immunoassay for fast triage of individuals exposed to external total-body or partial-body irradiation (TBI or PBI). Assay proof-of-concept based on γ-H2AX an...
Dicentric chromosome assay (DCA) is most frequently used for estimating the absorbed radiation dose in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of humans after occupational or incidental radiation exposure. D...
The purpose of this study is to develop blood tests and urine tests that can tell doctors how much radiation a person has been exposed to. Doctors know how much radiation patients are expo...
This study will seek to assess the experience of using of coconut oil as an approach to managing radiation-induced xerostomia in patients previously treated for cancer in the head and neck...
Patients suffering from chronic degenerating diseases are often treated by a plethora of NSAIDs, DMARDs, Biologicals, as well as combinations of these therapeutics. However, many patients ...
This research trial studies an adherence monitoring system in managing myelosuppression in patients with newly diagnosed malignant gliomas who are receiving temozolomide and radiation ther...
There are significant and persistent disparities in access to kidney transplantation and as a result most patients with end stage renal disease receive hemodialysis (HD). HD is unique as i...
Branch of EMERGENCY MEDICINE dealing with the emergency care of children.
Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.
The mobilization of EMERGENCY CARE to the locations and people that need them.
A way of providing emergency medical care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise in EMERGENCY MEDICINE. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.
Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...