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Overexpression of Forkhead box C1 attenuates oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

07:00 EST 11th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Overexpression of Forkhead box C1 attenuates oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease."

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease caused by cigarette smoke, which has been emerging as a serious health problem worldwide. The aim of this study is to explore the mRNA expression profile of lung tissues from the COPD rats and to characterize the role of Forkhead box C1 (Foxc1) in COPD.

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Name: Life sciences
ISSN: 1879-0631
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A forkhead box transcription factor and transcriptional activator which triggers type 1 programmed cell death (APOPTOSIS) in the absence of APOPTOSIS INHIBITING PROTEINS, including neuronal cell death induced by OXIDATIVE STRESS. It recognizes and binds to the DNA sequence 5'-(AG)TAAA(TC)A-3' and also functions in post-transcriptional regulation of the c-MYC PROTO-ONCOGENE.

A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).

A forkhead box transcription factor that is a major target of INSULIN signaling and regulator of metabolic homeostasis in response to OXIDATIVE STRESS. It binds to the insulin RESPONSE ELEMENT (IRE) and the related Daf-16 family binding element (DBE). Its activity is suppressed by insulin and it also regulates OSTEOBLAST proliferation, controls bone mass, and skeletal regulation of GLUCOSE metabolism. It promotes GLUCONEOGENESIS in HEPATOCYTES and regulates gene expression in ADIPOSE TISSUE. It is also an important CELL DEATH regulator. Chromosomal aberrations involving the FOXO1 gene occur in RHABDOMYOSARCOMA.

A forkhead box transcription factor that is expressed in the developing eyelid and during very early development of the gonad, prior to sex determination. It is essential for development of the ovary and inhibits SOX9 TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR to prevent differentiation to testes. It also induces APOPTOSIS in ovarian cells. Mutations in the FOXL2 gene are associated with BLEPHAROPHIMOSIS; Ptosis, and Epicanthus inversus (BPES with ovarian failure).

The appearance of carbonyl groups (such as aldehyde or ketone groups) in PROTEINS as the result of several oxidative modification reactions. It is a standard marker for OXIDATIVE STRESS. Carbonylated proteins tend to be more hydrophobic and resistant to proteolysis.

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