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Neurocognitive and Metacognitive Profiles of Intact Social Cognition in Prolonged Schizophrenia.

07:00 EST 14th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Neurocognitive and Metacognitive Profiles of Intact Social Cognition in Prolonged Schizophrenia."

Social cognition (SC) appears to contribute to long-term outcomes in schizophrenia; however, little is known about whether different forms of SC are supported by the same cognitive processes. Accordingly, we examined the relationship of two domains of
SC:
emotion recognition (ER), using the Bell-Lysaker Emotion Recognition Test, and social inference (SI), using the Social Attribution Task-Multiple Choice to measures of neurocognition, metacognition, theory of mind (ToM), and symptoms. Participants were 72 adults with schizophrenia in a nonacute phase. Multivariate analysis of variance and analysis of variance revealed participants with intact ER had better neurocognition (MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery [MCCB]), metacognition (Metacognition Assessment Scale-Abbreviated), ToM (The Hinting Task), and higher emotional discomfort symptoms than participants with impaired scores. Participants with intact SI had higher MCCB visual and verbal learning and SC scores. Stepwise regressions revealed neurocognition and metacognition uniquely contribute to ER performance. Results suggest ER and SI are differentially related to cognitive processes.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Journal of nervous and mental disease
ISSN: 1539-736X
Pages:

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