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Analyses of active antioxidant polysaccharides from four edible mushrooms.

07:00 EST 14th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Analyses of active antioxidant polysaccharides from four edible mushrooms."

Four water-soluble polysaccharides were extracted from Pleurotus eryngii, Flammulina velutipes, Pleurotus ostreatus and white Hypsizygus marmoreus. Using anion exchange and gel permeation chromatography, a neutral and an acidic fraction were purified from each water-soluble polysaccharide. Their molecular weights were all around 20 kDa except that the acidic polysaccharide from Pleurotus ostreatus (named WPOPA) had a lower molecular weight of 5 kDa. Four neutral polysaccharides were mainly composed of galactose (42.7%-69.1%), followed by Man (19.4%-39.3%) and Glc (1.1%-15.9%). Four acidic polysaccharides contained glucose (59.0%-81.8%) as major sugar and minor glucuronic acid (4.5%-9.5%). Acidic polysaccharides exhibited stronger antioxidant activities than neutral fractions, and WPOPA showed the best antioxidant effects. Structural analysis indicated WPOPA had β-(1 → 6)-glucan backbone branched at O-3 by β-1,3-d-Glcp, t-β-d-Glcp and t-β-d-GlcpA. This investigation would be useful for screening natural antioxidants and significant in developing mushroom polysaccharides as functional foods.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
ISSN: 1879-0003
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