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Four water-soluble polysaccharides were extracted from Pleurotus eryngii, Flammulina velutipes, Pleurotus ostreatus and white Hypsizygus marmoreus. Using anion exchange and gel permeation chromatography, a neutral and an acidic fraction were purified from each water-soluble polysaccharide. Their molecular weights were all around 20 kDa except that the acidic polysaccharide from Pleurotus ostreatus (named WPOPA) had a lower molecular weight of 5 kDa. Four neutral polysaccharides were mainly composed of galactose (42.7%-69.1%), followed by Man (19.4%-39.3%) and Glc (1.1%-15.9%). Four acidic polysaccharides contained glucose (59.0%-81.8%) as major sugar and minor glucuronic acid (4.5%-9.5%). Acidic polysaccharides exhibited stronger antioxidant activities than neutral fractions, and WPOPA showed the best antioxidant effects. Structural analysis indicated WPOPA had β-(1 → 6)-glucan backbone branched at O-3 by β-1,3-d-Glcp, t-β-d-Glcp and t-β-d-GlcpA. This investigation would be useful for screening natural antioxidants and significant in developing mushroom polysaccharides as functional foods.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of biological macromolecules
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A member of the AGARICALES known for edible MUSHROOMS.
A natural tocopherol and one of the most potent antioxidant tocopherols. It exhibits antioxidant activity by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus. It has four methyl groups on the 6-chromanol nucleus. The natural d form of alpha-tocopherol is more active than its synthetic dl-alpha-tocopherol racemic mixture.
A genus of edible mushrooms in the family Pluteaceae. They have pink gills and a volva at the stem base, and species can be confused with those of the poisonous genus AMANITA.
Mushrooms in the order AGARICALES containing B vitamins, cortinelin, and the polysaccharide LENTINAN.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...