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Construction and characterization of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain able to grow on glucosamine as sole carbon and nitrogen source.

07:00 EST 16th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Construction and characterization of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain able to grow on glucosamine as sole carbon and nitrogen source."

Saccharomyces cerevisiae can transport and phosphorylate glucosamine, but cannot grow on this amino sugar. While an enzyme catalyzing the reaction from glucosamine-6-phosphate to fructose-6-phosphate, necessary for glucosamine catabolism, is present in yeasts using N-acetylglucosamine as carbon source, a sequence homology search suggested that such an enzyme is absent from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The gene YlNAG1 encoding glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase from Yarrowia lipolytica was introduced into S. cerevisiae and growth in glucosamine tested. The constructed strain grew in glucosamine as only carbon and nitrogen source. Growth on the amino sugar required respiration and caused an important ammonium excretion. Strains overexpressing YlNAG1 and one of the S. cerevisiae glucose transporters HXT1, 2, 3, 4, 6 or 7 grew in glucosamine. The amino sugar caused catabolite repression of different enzymes to a lower extent than that produced by glucose. The availability of a strain of S. cerevisiae able to grow on glucosamine opens new possibilities to investigate or manipulate pathways related with glucosamine metabolism in a well-studied organism.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Scientific reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
Pages: 16949

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A member of the Rho family of MONOMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS from SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. It is involved in morphological events related to the cell cycle. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.6.1.47.

Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.

A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.

A set of nuclear proteins in SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE that are required for the transcriptional repression of the silent mating type loci. They mediate the formation of silenced CHROMATIN and repress both transcription and recombination at other loci as well. They are comprised of 4 non-homologous, interacting proteins, Sir1p, Sir2p, Sir3p, and Sir4p. Sir2p, an NAD-dependent HISTONE DEACETYLASE, is the founding member of the family of SIRTUINS.

The dry cells of any suitable strain of SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE or CANDIDA. It can be obtained as a by-product from the brewing of beer or by growing on media not suitable for beer production. Dried yeast serves as a source of protein and VITAMIN B COMPLEX.

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