Sustainable production of glutathione from lignocellulose-derived sugars using engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

07:00 EST 17th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Sustainable production of glutathione from lignocellulose-derived sugars using engineered Saccharomyces cerevisiae."

Glutathione has diverse physiological functions, and therefore, the demand for it has increased recently. Currently, industrial mass production of glutathione is performed from D-glucose via fermentation by the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, use of D-glucose often competes with demands for various other industries, leading to high production costs. To affordably produce glutathione, we aimed to produce high amounts of glutathione from D-glucose and D-xylose, which are the main constituents of lignocellulosic biomass pre-treated with acids. Genetically engineered S. cerevisiae strains that can produce high amounts of glutathione and assimilate D-xylose were constructed and cultured in media containing D-xylose. Among these recombinant strains, a S. cerevisiae GCI (XR/XDH/XK) strain over-expressing γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase, glutathione synthetase, D-xylose reductase, xylitol dehydrogenase, and xylulokinase genes successfully consumed D-xylose in the medium and produced the highest amount of glutathione. When strains were grown in media containing D-glucose and D-xylose, the GCI (XR/XDH/XK) strain showed 4.6-fold higher volumetric glutathione production (mg/L-broth), 2.2-fold higher glutathione content (%), and 2.1-fold higher cell growth (g-cell/L-broth) than the vector control strain of YPH499 (Vector). Furthermore, when recombinant S. cerevisiae strains were grown in medium containing fermentation inhibitory materials, the GCI (XR/XDH/XK) strain produced 5.8- and higher volumetric glutathione, 2.6-fold higher intracellular glutathione, and 2.9-fold higher cell growth than the vector control YPH499 (Vector) strain. The gradual sugar consumption by recombinant S. cerevisiae strains in medium containing D-glucose and D-xylose leads to high yields of glutathione. These results indicate the potential for glutathione production from lignocellulosic materials.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Applied microbiology and biotechnology
ISSN: 1432-0614


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Catalyzes the oxidation of GLUTATHIONE to GLUTATHIONE DISULFIDE in the presence of NADP+. Deficiency in the enzyme is associated with HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA. Formerly listed as EC

An enzyme catalyzing the oxidation of 2 moles of glutathione in the presence of hydrogen peroxide to yield oxidized glutathione and water. EC

A glutathione transferase that catalyzes the conjugation of electrophilic substrates to GLUTATHIONE. This enzyme has been shown to provide cellular protection against redox-mediated damage by FREE RADICALS.

SUGARS containing an amino group. GLYCOSYLATION of other compounds with these amino sugars results in AMINOGLYCOSIDES.

A transferase that catalyzes the addition of aliphatic, aromatic, or heterocyclic FREE RADICALS as well as EPOXIDES and arene oxides to GLUTATHIONE. Addition takes place at the SULFUR. It also catalyzes the reduction of polyol nitrate by glutathione to polyol and nitrite.

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