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Our knowledge of cadmium (Cd) in hyperaccumulators mainly concerns root uptake, xylem translocation and foliar detoxification, while little attention has been paid to the role of phloem remobilization. We investigated Cd distribution in different organs of the hyperaccumulating ecotype (HE) of Sedum alfredii and compared its Cd phloem transport with that of the non-hyperaccumulating ecotype (NHE). In HE, results of micro X-ray fluorescence revealed that Cd preferentially accumulated in younger organs compared to the older, and its primary distribution sites changed from parenchyma to vascular/epidermal cells with increased organ age. Strong Cd signals in phloem cells were observed in HE old stems. Pre-stored Cd was readily exported from older to growing leaves, which could be accelerated by leaf senescence. Short-term feeding experiments showed that phloem-mediated Cd transport is rapid and efficient in HE. HE relocated 44% of the total leaf-labelled Cd to other organs, while over 90% Cd was retained in labelled leaves of NHE. High Cd was detected in HE phloem exudates but not in those from NHE leaves. In conclusion, Cd phloem transport is efficient and important for dominating the age-dependent Cd allocation in plants of HE S. alfredii.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of hazardous materials
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Unstable isotopes of cadmium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cd atoms with atomic weights 103-105, 107, 109, 115, and 117-119 are radioactive cadmium isotopes.
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Inorganic compounds that contain cadmium as an integral part of the molecule.
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An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.
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