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To develop a robust quantitative calibration model for spectroscopy, different sources of variability that are not directly related to the components of interest should be included in the calibration samples; this variability should be similar to that which is anticipated during validation and routine operation. Moisture content of pharmaceutical samples can vary as a function of supplier, storage conditions, geographic origin or seasonal variation. Additionally, some pharmaceutical operations (e. g., wet granulation) cause exposure of excipients and API to water. Although water is a weak Raman scatterer, moisture variability has an indirect effect on analytical model performance. Because many pharmaceutical components have intrinsic fluorescent characteristics (with broad spectral features), moisture variability may cause spectral artifacts in the form of baseline variation associated with fluorescence quenching. This work investigates the deleterious effects of water quenching on quantitative prediction accuracy of a multivariate calibration algorithm for Raman spectroscopy. To demonstrate this, a formulation composed of acetaminophen, lactose, microcrystalline cellulose, HPMC and magnesium stearate was used. Tablets were manufactured using laboratory scale equipment. A full-factorial design was used to vary acetaminophen (5 levels), and excipient ratios (3 levels) to generate tablets for calibration and testing. Tablet moisture variation was introduced by placing samples in different humidity chambers. Significant spectral effects arising from fluorescence were identified in the Raman spectra and due to moisture variation: the fluorescence related spectral variability caused substantial degradation of the prediction performance for API. The work demonstrated that accounting for moisture variation during method development reduced the prediction error of the multivariate prediction model.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis
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Analysis of the intensity of Raman scattering of monochromatic light as a function of frequency of the scattered light.
A quantitative prediction of the biological, ecotoxicological or pharmaceutical activity of a molecule. It is based upon structure and activity information gathered from a series of similar compounds.
A quantitative or qualitative measure of intellectual, scholarly, or scholastic accomplishment.
Locations, on the GENOME, of GENES or other genetic elements that encode or control the expression of a quantitative trait (QUANTITATIVE TRAIT, HERITABLE).
Spectroscopy technique which measures changes in organic compounds by tracking the spectral energy of absorption of HYDROGEN atoms.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...