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Chronic administration of gonadotropin releasing-hormone improves learning in old gonadectomized rats.

07:00 EST 17th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Chronic administration of gonadotropin releasing-hormone improves learning in old gonadectomized rats."

The aim of this study was to determine whether chronic administration of GnRH improves performance of learning tasks and expression of spinophilin in the hippocampus of gonadectomized old rats. Eighteen-month-old male Wistar rats were used and divided into three groups: control (intact rats); gonadectomized; and gonadectomized + GnRH. The latter group was injected intramuscularly with GnRH (100 nM) twice a day for five weeks. The learning tasks we used were the novel object recognition task (NOR), elevated T-maze (ETM) and active avoidance test (AAT). Results showed that in NOR and ETM learning tasks, gonadectomized rats treated with GnRH had a significantly better performance than gonadectomized rats without treatment. GnRH-treated gonadectomized rats displayed performance comparable to that of intact rats. Furthermore, the expression of spinophilin in the hippocampus of gonadectomized rats treated with GnRH increased with respect to untreated gonadectomized rats. In conclusion, the chronic administration of GnRH improves learning in old gonadectomized rats. It is possible that the mechanism could involve a greater number of dendritic contacts associated with a higher expression of spinophilin.

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Name: Neurobiology of learning and memory
ISSN: 1095-9564
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