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Administrations of autochthonous probiotics altered juvenile rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss health status, growth performance and resistance to Lactococcus garvieae, an experimental infection.

07:00 EST 20th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Administrations of autochthonous probiotics altered juvenile rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss health status, growth performance and resistance to Lactococcus garvieae, an experimental infection."

The present study was tested how Oncorhynchus mykiss can respond to dietary supplementations of autochthonous probiotics, including Lactobacillus delbrukei subsp. bulgaricus and Lactobacillus acidophilus and Citrobacter farmeri by measuring different parameters. To address that, 300 fish weighing 19.08-32.9 g were fed by probiotics-enriched diets, containing 5 × 10 CFU g for 60 days. Our results indicated that probiotics, especially L. acidophilus and L. bulgaricus are involved in enhancing the growth performance of this species as compared with the control group. Blood profile (Hemoglobin and Hematocrit) showed significant (P < 0.05) increases in probiotic fed groups compared with the control. Serum lysozyme and complement activities were higher in probiotic-fed fish while similar changes were not observed in the case of bactericidal activity and Nitroblue Tetrazolium (NBT) reduction. Better colonization of lactic acid bacteria in fish intestine was observed following L. acidophilus and L. bulgaricus administrations (P < 0.001). Digestive enzyme activities of intestine, including amylase, trypsin, lipase and alkaline phosphatase were elevated either significant or insignificant while protease activity did not act the same. All probiotic treatments led to mild or strong (P < 0.001) up-regulation of cytokine and growth gene expressions of intestine in comparison with the control group. Higher in vitro antagonist activities of L. acidophilus and L. bulgaricus against the Lactococcus garvieae were coincident with in vivo challenge test. The relative percentage of survival (RPS) was obtained 63.71 and 51.56 for L. bulgaricus and L. acidophilus, respectively, which were higher in those treated fish as compared to control fish. Our results may suggest that the probiotics, applied here, can promote growth performance by improving digestive enzyme activity, gut micro flora and growth gene expression. Up-regulation of immune regulatory proteins may increase the non-specific immune responses and bacterial resistance in this species as well.

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Name: Fish & shellfish immunology
ISSN: 1095-9947
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A species of gram-negative bacteria responsible for red mouth disease in rainbow trout (ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS). The bacteria is a natural component of fresh water ecosystems in the United States and Canada.

A species of gram-negative bacteria responsible for red mouth disease in rainbow trout (ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS). The bacteria is a natural component of fresh water ecosystems in the United States and Canada.

A large stout-bodied, sometimes anadromous, TROUT found in still and flowing waters of the Pacific coast from southern California to Alaska. It has a greenish back, a whitish belly, and pink, red, or lavender stripes on the sides, with usually a sprinkling of black dots. It is highly regarded as a sport and food fish. Its former name was Salmo gairdneri. The sea-run rainbow trouts are often called steelheads. Redband trouts refer to interior populations of rainbows.

Various fish of the family SALMONIDAE, usually smaller than salmon. They are mostly restricted to cool clear freshwater. Some are anadromous. They are highly regarded for their handsome colors, rich well-flavored flesh, and gameness as an angling fish. The genera Salvelinus, Salmo, and ONCORHYNCHUS have been introduced virtually throughout the world.

A genus of the family SALMONIDAE (salmons and trouts). They are named for their hooked (onco) nose (rhynchus). They are usually anadromous and occasionally inhabit freshwater. They can be found in North Pacific coastal areas from Japan to California and adjacent parts of the Arctic Ocean. Salmon and trout are popular game and food fish. Various species figure heavily in genetic, metabolism, and hormone research.

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