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Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and Chloride channel-3 (CLC-3) are critical for inflammatory response, cellular proliferation and apoptosis in hippocampus neurons. However, the relationship between CLC-3 and TGF-beta/TGF-beta Receptor II (RII) pathway in diabetic encephalopathy (DE) is unknown. In this study, both diabetes rat model and diabetes cell model were employed to elucidate the mechanisms involved. The increased expressions of CLC-3 and TGF- beta RII with cognitive impairment were observed in diabetic rats. The most obvious reduction on the survival of HT22 cells was at 10 ng/ml or 15 ng/ml TGF- beta stimulation, while the expressions of CLC-3 and TGF-beta RII were significantly increased under high glucose condition. Moreover, the study showed that CLC-3 antagonists had no apparent effect on up-regulated TGF- beta RII, but TGF- beta 1 inhibitors could reduce the up-regulated CLC-3 under high glucose. Results from the present study indicated that CLC-3 and TGF- beta signals might be related to cognitive disorders. The CLC-3 might be modulated by TGF- beta /TGF- beta RII signaling pathway during the development of DE.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Frontiers in bioscience (Landmark edition)
Dysfunction of pancreatic beta cells is related with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Dioscin, a natural steroid saponin, has many pharmacological effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect...
There is a great need to identify factors that could protect pancreatic beta cells against apoptosis or stimulate their replication and thus prevent or reverse the development of diabetes. One potenti...
Electroencephalography (EEG) power has previously been used to compare mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients who progress to Alzheimer's disease (pMCI) with patients with MCI who remain stable (sMC...
Insulin gene mutations are a leading cause of neonatal diabetes. They can lead to proinsulin misfolding and its retention in endoplasmic reticulum (ER). This results in increased ER-stress suggested t...
Hypoxia-mediated pancreatic beta cell death is one of the main causes of pancreatic beta celldeath, which leads to the loss of functional pancreatic beta cell mass and type 1 diabetes andtype 2 diabet...
OBJECTIVES: I. Characterize inheritance patterns of mutations in patients with beta-oxidation disorders.
To investigate the effect of multiple doses of SLV337 on the pharmacokinetics of simvastatin and simvastatin acid when co-administered in healthy male subjects
We intend to examine the effect of a commercially available nutritional supplement, Beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate(HMB) on whole-body responses to a sugar load.
Thymosin Beta 4 (Tβ4) is a synthetic copy of the naturally-occurring 43-amino acid peptide that is found in a variety of tissues. Tβ4 promotes/accelerates wound repair in dermal, ocular,...
The purpose of this study is to characterise beta cell function in subjects who despite taking part in a diabetes prevention program (life style intervention with diet and exercise) exhibi...
Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.
A group of enzymes that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-galactosides. Deficiency of beta-Galactosidase A1 may cause GANGLIOSIDOSIS, GM1.
An exocellulase with specificity for 1,3-beta-D-glucasidic linkages. It catalyzes hydrolysis of beta-D-glucose units from the non-reducing ends of 1,3-beta-D-glucans, releasing GLUCOSE.
Members of the beta-globin family. In humans, they are encoded in a gene cluster on CHROMOSOME 11. They include epsilon-globin, gamma-globin, delta-globin and beta-globin. There is also a pseudogene of beta (theta-beta) in the gene cluster. Adult HEMOGLOBIN is comprised of two ALPHA-GLOBIN chains and two beta-globin chains.
The beta subunit of luteinizing hormone. It is a 15-kDa glycopolypeptide with structure similar to the beta subunit of the placental chorionic gonadatropin (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN) except for the additional 31 amino acids at the C-terminal of CG-beta. Full biological activity of LH requires the non-covalently bound heterodimers of an alpha and a beta subunit. Mutation of the LHB gene causes HYPOGONADISM and infertility.
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...