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The recent outbreaks of Ebolavirus (EBOV) in West Africa underscore the urgent need to develop an effective EBOV vaccine. Here, we report the development of synthetic nanoparticles as a safe and highly immunogenic platform for vaccination against EBOV. We show that a large recombinant EBOV antigen (rGP) can be incorporated in a configurational manner into lipid-based nanoparticles, termed interbilayer-crosslinked multilamellar vesicles (ICMVs). The epitopes and quaternary structure of rGP were properly maintained on the surfaces of ICMVs formed either with or without nickel nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA)-functionalized lipids. When administered in mice, rGP-ICMVs without NTA-lipids efficiently generated germinal center B cells and polyfunctional T cells while eliciting robust neutralizing antibody responses. This study suggests the potential of vaccine nanoparticles as a delivery platform for configurational, multivalent display of large subunit antigens and induction of neutralizing antibody and T cell responses.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nanomedicine : nanotechnology, biology, and medicine
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An Ig domain-containing membrane receptor for HEPATITIS A VIRUS; EBOLA VIRUS; MARBURG VIRUS; and DENGUE VIRUS. It may also function to modulate ASTHMA and HYPERSENSITIVITY.
Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had mumps or been immunized with live mumps vaccine. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine.
A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A live, attenuated varicella virus vaccine used for immunization against chickenpox. It is recommended for children between the ages of 12 months and 13 years.
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Tropical Medicine is the study of diseases more commonly found in tropical regions than elsewhere. Examples of these diseases are malaria, yellow fever, Chagas disease, Dengue, Helminths, African trypanosomiasis, Leishmaniasis, Leprosy, Lymphatic filaria...