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Acetone, butanol, and ethanol (ABE) were produced following the separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) method using polysaccharides from the green macroalgae Enteromorpha intestinalis as biomass. We focused on the optimization of enzymatic saccharification as pretreatments for the fermentation of E. intestinalis. Pretreatment was carried out with 10% (w/v) seaweed slurry and 270-mM HSO at 121 °C for 60 min. Monosaccharides (mainly glucose) were obtained from enzymatic hydrolysis with a 16-U/mL mixture of Celluclast 1.5 L and Viscozyme L at 45 °C for 36 h. ABE fermentation with 10% (w/v) E. intestinalis hydrolysate was performed using the anaerobic bacteria Clostridium acetobutylicum with either uncontrolled pH, pH controlled at 6.0, or pH controlled initially at 6.0 and then 4.5 after 4 days, which produced ABE contents of 5.6 g/L with an ABE yield (Y) of 0.24 g/g, 4.8 g/L with an Y of 0.2 g/g, and 8.5 g/L with an Y of 0.36 g/g, respectively.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioprocess and biosystems engineering
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Algae of the division Chlorophyta, in which the green pigment of CHLOROPHYLL is not masked by other pigments. Green algae have over 7000 species and live in a variety of primarily aquatic habitats. Only about ten percent are marine species, most live in freshwater. They are more closely related to the green vascular land PLANTS than any other group of algae.
The substances beta-hydroxybutyric acid, acetoacetic acid, and acetone, which are produced by fatty acid and carbohydrate metabolism in the liver in approximately a 78:20:2 ratio. Acetoacetate is produced from acetyl-CoA. Most is enzymatically converted to beta-ketobutyrate, but a small amount is spontaneously decarboxylated to acetone. The ketone bodies can be used as fuels by muscle and brain tissue. In starvation and uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, large quantities are produced, causing metabolic acidosis and elevated blood and urine levels of all three ketone bodies. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Isomeric forms and derivatives of butanol (C4H9OH).
A four carbon linear hydrocarbon that has a hydroxy group at position 1.