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Using Luminex xMAP (x = analyte, MAP = multi-analyte profiling) technology, a serological method for the simultaneous detection of antibodies to Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and avian influenza virus (AIV) was established. Nano-magnetic beads coated with purified NDV protein and AIV nucleoprotein were incubated with serum samples. Using biotinylated rabbit anti-chicken IgY and streptavidin-R-phycoerythrin, the optical signals measured by a Luminex 200 detection system indicated the quantification of NDV or AIV antibodies in the serum. Specific pathogen-free (SPF) chicken serum was used as a negative control. The Luminex xMAP assay developed in this study demonstrated high specificity as there was no cross-reaction with antibodies to infectious laryngotracheitis virus, infectious bronchitis virus, infectious bursal disease virus, avian leukosis virus, and Marek's disease virus. The results from reproducibility experiments showed that intra-coefficients of variation were 3.36 and 9.23% and inter-coefficients of variation were 6.50 and 7.66% for NDV and AIV, respectively. The results also indicated that the Luminex xMAP assay was 16 times more sensitive for NDV antibody detection and 1,024 times more sensitive for AIV antibody detection compared to the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A total of 300 chicken serum samples were subjected to both Luminex xMAP assay and ELISA, showing the coincidence rates of 98.67 and 98% for NDV and AIV antibody detection, respectively. This study provides a new method for the simultaneous detection NDV and AIV antibodies in the serum with high specificity and sensitivity.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Poultry science
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An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. It is characterized by respiratory and nervous symptoms in fowl and is transmissible to man causing a severe, but transient conjunctivitis.
Hemagglutination test in which Coombs' reagent (antiglobulin, or anti-human globulin rabbit immune serum) is added to detect incomplete (non-agglutinating, univalent, blocking) antibodies coating erythrocytes. The direct test is applied to red cells which have been coated with antibody in vivo (e.g., in hemolytic disease of newborn, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, and transfusion reactions). The indirect test is applied to serum to detect the presence of antibody (e.g., in detection of incompatibility in cross-matching tests, detection and identification of irregular antibodies, and in detection of antibodies not identifiable by other means).
A genus in the subfamily PARAMYXOVIRINAE, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE, causing disease in domestic fowl. There are many species, the most well-known being avian paramyxovirus 1 (NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS).
The most well known avian paramyxovirus in the genus AVULAVIRUS and the cause of a highly infectious pneumoencephalitis in fowl. It is also reported to cause CONJUNCTIVITIS in humans. Transmission is by droplet inhalation or ingestion of contaminated water or food.
Glycoprotein from Sendai, para-influenza, Newcastle Disease, and other viruses that participates in binding the virus to cell-surface receptors. The HN protein possesses both hemagglutinin and neuraminidase activity.
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