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The Prognostic Significance of a Cast Fourth Ventricle in Ruptured Aneurysm Patients With Intraventricular Hemorrhage in the Barrow Ruptured Aneurysm Trial (BRAT).

07:00 EST 23rd November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The Prognostic Significance of a Cast Fourth Ventricle in Ruptured Aneurysm Patients With Intraventricular Hemorrhage in the Barrow Ruptured Aneurysm Trial (BRAT)."

Ruptured aneurysms causing intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) are associated with high morbidity. The presence of blood that completely fills the fourth ventricle (cast fourth ventricle, CFV) is thought to be particularly ominous, but studies documenting the outcome of such cases are lacking.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Neurosurgery
ISSN: 1524-4040
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.

Not an aneurysm but a well-defined collection of blood and CONNECTIVE TISSUE outside the wall of a blood vessel or the heart. It is the containment of a ruptured blood vessel or heart, such as sealing a rupture of the left ventricle. False aneurysm is formed by organized THROMBUS and HEMATOMA in surrounding tissue.

Four CSF-filled (see CEREBROSPINAL FLUID) cavities within the cerebral hemispheres (LATERAL VENTRICLES), in the midline (THIRD VENTRICLE) and within the PONS and MEDULLA OBLONGATA (FOURTH VENTRICLE).

A narrow cleft inferior to the corpus callosum, within the diencephalon, between the paired thalami. Its floor is formed by the HYPOTHALAMUS, its anterior wall by the lamina terminalis, and its roof by EPENDYMA. It communicates with the FOURTH VENTRICLE by the CEREBRAL AQUEDUCT, and with the LATERAL VENTRICLES by the interventricular foramina.

A localized bulging or dilatation in the muscle wall of a heart (MYOCARDIUM), usually in the LEFT VENTRICLE. Blood-filled aneurysms are dangerous because they may burst. Fibrous aneurysms interfere with the heart function through the loss of contractility. True aneurysm is bound by the vessel wall or cardiac wall. False aneurysms are HEMATOMA caused by myocardial rupture.

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