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ScFv-conjugated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for MRI-based diagnosis in transgenic mouse models of Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases.

07:00 EST 24th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "ScFv-conjugated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for MRI-based diagnosis in transgenic mouse models of Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases."

It is widely accepted that amyloid oligomers are the most toxic species to initiate the pathologic processes of Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntingdon's disease (HD). But there is no definitive diagnosis for PD and HD at their early stages. Here, we conjugated an amyloid oligomer-specific scFv antibody (W20) to PEGylated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) and detected the properties of the SPIONs conjugated with W20. The results showed that W20-SPIONs, with the size of around 11.8 nm in diameter, were stable and nontoxic, and had enough relaxation capacity to be used as an MRI contrast agent. When applied to the transgenic mouse models of PD and HD, W20-SPIONs crossed the blood-brain barrier and specifically bound to the oligomer area to give MRI signal, distinguishing PD and HD from healthy controls. These results indicated that W20-SPIONs had potential in early-stage diagnosis for PD and HD and also opened up a new strategy for evaluating the efficacy of new drugs.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Brain research
ISSN: 1872-6240
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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