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The selection of yeasts with low nitrogen requirement is a current need in winemaking. In this work, we analysed nitrogen requirements of strains belonging to the cryotolerant species S. uvarum, S. eubayanus and S. kudriavzevii, in order to evaluate their potential for conducting the fermentation of low nitrogen content grape musts. Our result demonstrated that S. eubayanus is the species less influenced by the increasing nitrogen concentrations in both growth and fermentation conditions. Strains showing the best behaviours, S. eubayanus NPCC 1285 and S. uvarum NPCC 1317, were selected to be tested in mixed cultures with S. cerevisiae T73 at different temperatures (12 °C, 20 °C and 28 °C) in synthetic grape must with different nitrogen concentrations (60, 140 and 300 mg/L YAN). The cryotolerant strains dominated the fermentations carried out at 12 °C while S. cerevisiae prevailed at 28 °C independently from the nitrogen concentration. At intermediate temperature, 20 °C, S. eubayanus mono and mixed cultures showed the best fermentative behaviour especially with low and intermediate nitrogen concentration. In summary, cryotolerant Saccharomyces species, particularly S. eubayanus, could be interesting tools to avoid fermentations stucks caused by low nitrogen content in grape musts.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of food microbiology
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A species of Saccharomyces that is used as a PROBIOTIC, such as in the treatment of DIARRHEA and PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS ENTEROCOLITIS associated with CLOSTRIDIUM INFECTIONS.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.
A member of the Rho family of MONOMERIC GTP-BINDING PROTEINS from SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. It is involved in morphological events related to the cell cycle. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 220.127.116.11.
The volume of air contained in the lungs at the end of a maximal inspiration. It is the equivalent to each of the following sums: VITAL CAPACITY plus RESIDUAL VOLUME; INSPIRATORY CAPACITY plus FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY; TIDAL VOLUME plus INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus functional residual capacity; or tidal volume plus inspiratory reserve volume plus EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus residual volume.