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Fermentative behaviour and competition capacity of cryotolerant Saccharomyces species in different nitrogen conditions.

07:00 EST 22nd November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Fermentative behaviour and competition capacity of cryotolerant Saccharomyces species in different nitrogen conditions."

The selection of yeasts with low nitrogen requirement is a current need in winemaking. In this work, we analysed nitrogen requirements of strains belonging to the cryotolerant species S. uvarum, S. eubayanus and S. kudriavzevii, in order to evaluate their potential for conducting the fermentation of low nitrogen content grape musts. Our result demonstrated that S. eubayanus is the species less influenced by the increasing nitrogen concentrations in both growth and fermentation conditions. Strains showing the best behaviours, S. eubayanus NPCC 1285 and S. uvarum NPCC 1317, were selected to be tested in mixed cultures with S. cerevisiae T73 at different temperatures (12 °C, 20 °C and 28 °C) in synthetic grape must with different nitrogen concentrations (60, 140 and 300 mg/L YAN). The cryotolerant strains dominated the fermentations carried out at 12 °C while S. cerevisiae prevailed at 28 °C independently from the nitrogen concentration. At intermediate temperature, 20 °C, S. eubayanus mono and mixed cultures showed the best fermentative behaviour especially with low and intermediate nitrogen concentration. In summary, cryotolerant Saccharomyces species, particularly S. eubayanus, could be interesting tools to avoid fermentations stucks caused by low nitrogen content in grape musts.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: International journal of food microbiology
ISSN: 1879-3460
Pages: 111-120

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