Advertisement

Topics

Trait mindfulness is associated with lower pain reactivity and connectivity of the default mode network.

07:00 EST 26th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Trait mindfulness is associated with lower pain reactivity and connectivity of the default mode network."

Mindfulness-based training reduces pain in clinical and experimental settings. Evidence suggests these beneficial effects are facilitated via increased focus on the present moment, and reduced emotional enhancement of pain. The majority of the existing literature has focused on mindfulness as a learned skill, and on the neural mechanisms that underlie the acquisition of this skill. It is unknown whether similar mechanisms are associated with trait mindfulness in the absence of training and whether these mechanisms confer the ability to cope with pain. To determine this, we measured trait mindfulness and pain responsivity in 40 healthy volunteers naive to mindfulness meditation. As a feature of interest, we targeted the default mode network (DMN); a network of interacting brain regions associated with processes such as introspective thought, mind-wandering and rumination. As extant studies have implicated the default mode network (DMN), in the beneficial effects of mindfulness, we examined resting state connectivity of the precuneus, a core DMN node. Higher trait mindfulness was associated with higher pain thresholds (r=.43, p<.01) and lower pain catastrophising (r=-.51, p<.01). Consistent with the neural mechanisms of trained mindfulness, higher trait mindfulness was associated with lower connectivity between nodes of the DMN. It was also associated with higher connectivity between the DMN and somatosensory cortices. These findings are consistent with processes taught in formal meditation training, namely increased focus on sensory experience and decrease in emotional appraisal processes, indicating that behavioural and neurological mechanisms described in the interventional mindfulness literature also underlie trait mindfulness prior to any formal training.
PERSPECTIVE:
Mindfulness research mostly focuses on mindfulness as a trained skill, rather than a trait. Consistent with trained-mindfulness studies, we demonstrate mindfulness is associated with variations in neural connectivity linked to sensory & evaluative processes. These findings indicate that trait mindfulness serves as a marker for individual differences in pain coping.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The journal of pain : official journal of the American Pain Society
ISSN: 1528-8447
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [11859 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The role of state and trait positive affect and mindfulness in affective reactivity to pain in chronic migraine.

High affective reactivity to pain (i.e., increased negative affect in response to pain) can have an adverse impact on the well-being of individuals with chronic pain. The present study examined the ro...

Nursing students' trait mindfulness and psychological stress: A correlation and mediation analysis.

Nursing students face a great amount of psychological stress during their nursing education. Mindfulness-based training has received increased recognition from nurse educators regarding its effect on ...

Cross-sectional white matter microstructure differences in age and trait mindfulness.

The process of aging can be characterized by a decline in cognitive performance, which may be accompanied by deterioration in specific structural properties of the brain. In this study we sought to in...

Exploring changes in mindfulness and body appreciation during yoga participation.

Evidence supports the positive role that yoga participation can play in predicting positive body image experiences. However, less is known about the mechanisms that might explain this relationship. Th...

Employing pain and mindfulness to understand consciousness: a symbiotic relationship.

Consciousness, defined here as the quality of awareness of self and the corresponding sensory environment, is considered to be one of most enigmatic and contentious areas of scholarly dissection and i...

Clinical Trials [10455 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Yoga vs Stretching in Veterans With Chronic Lower Back Pain: Does Mindfulness Matter?

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of recruiting, enrolling and collecting outcome data on CLBP patients within the Veterans Affairs Community Based Rochester Outp...

Effect of Mindfulness Meditation on Physiological Response to Unpredictable Stimuli

This study will evaluate the effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on physiological reactivity. This study will focus on individuals with anxiety who will participate in an ...

Feasibility in France of a Mindfulness-based Group Therapy for Adolescents With Chronic Pain

The main objective is to study the feasibility of a program for the management of chronic painful adolescents in meditation groups. This program is an adaptation of the MBI-A (Mindfulness-...

Effects of a Peri-operative Brief Mindfulness-based Intervention on Post-operative Pain and Disability

This study evaluates the effectiveness of a brief mindfulness-based intervention on post-operative pain and disability among anxious patients with chronic pain undergoing total hip arthrop...

Adaptation of Mindfulness Training to Treat Chronic Pain in the Military

The overall aim of this study is to test the acceptability and feasibility of an interactive, web-based mindfulness training with active duty soldiers being treated for chronic pain.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A psychological state of awareness, the practices that promote this awareness, a mode of processing information and a character trait. As a therapy mindfulness is defined as a moment-to-moment awareness of one's experience without judgment and as a state and not a trait.

Locations, on the GENOME, of GENES or other genetic elements that encode or control the expression of a quantitative trait (QUANTITATIVE TRAIT, HERITABLE).

Inflammation of the SACROILIAC JOINT. It is characterized by lower back pain, especially upon walking, fever, UVEITIS; PSORIASIS; and decreased range of motion. Many factors are associated with and cause sacroiliitis including infection; injury to spine, lower back, and pelvis; DEGENERATIVE ARTHRITIS; and pregnancy.

A severe pain in the lower back radiating to the groin, scrotum, and labia which is most commonly caused by a kidney stone (RENAL CALCULUS) passing through the URETER or by other urinary track blockage. It is often associated with nausea, vomiting, fever, restlessness, dull pain, frequent urination, and HEMATURIA.

Family of calcium- and phospholipid-binding proteins which are structurally related and exhibit immunological cross-reactivity. Each member contains four homologous 70-kDa repeats. The annexins are differentially distributed in vertebrate tissues (and lower eukaryotes) and appear to be involved in MEMBRANE FUSION and SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Anesthesiology
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...

Pain Disorder
Pain is a feeling (sharp or dull) triggered in the nervous system which can be transient or constant. Pain can be specific to one area of the body eg back, abdomen or chest or more general all over the body eg muscles ache from the flu. Without pain ...

Pain
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...


Searches Linking to this Article