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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents.

07:00 EST 1st December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents."

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a childhood-onset neuro-developmental disorder characterized by persistent inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that impairs functioning of the child/adolescent. Although ADHD is the most commonly seen psychiatric disorder in childhood and adolescence, diagnosis of ADHD in children and adolescents in the United States has grown over the past 20 years, with prevalence rates increasing from 6.1% to 10.2% from 1997 to 2016. The current article describes the epidemiology of ADHD, factors that contribute to successful treatment, and recommendations to improve nursing practice. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 56(12), 7-10.].

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services
ISSN: 0279-3695
Pages: 7-10

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-IV)

A propylamine derivative and selective ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITOR that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

A methylphenidate derivative, DOPAMINE UPTAKE INHIBITOR and CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANT that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

A dextroamphetamine drug precursor that also functions as a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANT and DOPAMINE UPTAKE INHIBITOR and is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

The d-form of AMPHETAMINE. It is a central nervous system stimulant and a sympathomimetic. It has also been used in the treatment of narcolepsy and of attention deficit disorders and hyperactivity in children. Dextroamphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulating release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. It is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic.

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