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Registered Dietitians (RDs) should participate in interdisciplinary feeding discussions for patients with advanced dementia, but research on how RDs make such feeding recommendations is scarce. This study developed and validated a theory-based questionnaire to assess the knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes of RDs regarding feeding tube use among older adults with advanced dementia. The instrument was drafted based on the Social Ecological Model, and face and content validity were established through an expert panel review. Pilot testing with 70 RDs provided an initial measure of internal consistency reliability and reduced the number of items in the survey. Efficacy testing with 662 RDs allowed for a second analysis of internal consistency reliability and eliminated additional items. Construct validity was then established using validation by extreme groups and exploratory factor analysis, yielding six subscales, each with adequate internal consistency and test-retest correlation coefficients: (I) Total Knowledge, (II) Knowledge Self-Efficacy, (III) Religion/Spirituality/Culture, (IV) Personal Values, (V) Perceived Organization and Training, and (VI) Perceived Policy. The survey, based on the Social Ecological Model, was deemed a valid and reliable tool to assess RDs' knowledge and attitudes regarding feeding tube use among older adults with advanced dementia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of nutrition in gerontology and geriatrics
Even though no evidence suggests tube feeding is beneficial for individuals with advanced dementia, many are still tube fed.
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Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.
Self report questionnaire which yields 16 scores on personality traits, such as reserved vs. outgoing, humble vs. assertive, etc.
Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
A tube of ectodermal tissue in an embryo that will give rise to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, including the SPINAL CORD and the BRAIN. Lumen within the neural tube is called neural canal which gives rise to the central canal of the spinal cord and the ventricles of the brain. For malformation of the neural tube, see NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
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