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Involvement of the cAMP-Dependent Pathway in Dextromethorphan-Induced Inhibition of Spontaneous Glutamate Transmission in the Nucleus Tractus Solitarius Neurons of Guinea Pigs.

07:00 EST 5th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Involvement of the cAMP-Dependent Pathway in Dextromethorphan-Induced Inhibition of Spontaneous Glutamate Transmission in the Nucleus Tractus Solitarius Neurons of Guinea Pigs."

Dextromethorphan (DEX) presynaptically decreases glutamatergic transmission in second-order neurons of the nucleus tractus solitarius (TS). To clarify the inhibitory mechanism of DEX, the present study examined the interaction of DEX with cAMP. The effects of DEX on miniature and TS-evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents (mEPSCs and eEPSCs) were recorded under activation of the cAMP-dependent pathway using the brainstem slices. An increase in cAMP by forskolin counteracted the inhibitory effect of DEX on mEPSCs. Eight-Bromo-cAMP and N-ethylmaleimide also attenuated the DEX effect. However, forskolin had negligible effects on the DEX-induced inhibition of eEPSCs. This suggests that DEX decreases spontaneous glutamate release by inhibiting the cAMP-dependent pathway and synchronous release by another unknown mechanism.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Pharmacology
ISSN: 1423-0313
Pages: 76-81

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A type I cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulatory subunit that plays a role in confering CYCLIC AMP activation of protein kinase activity. It has a lower affinity for cAMP than the CYCLIC-AMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASE RIBETA SUBUNIT.

A type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulatory subunit that plays a role in confering CYCLIC AMP activation of protein kinase activity. It has a higher affinity for cAMP than that of the CYCLIC-AMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASE RIIBETA SUBUNIT. Binding of this subunit by A KINASE ANCHOR PROTEINS may play a role in the cellular localization of type II protein kinase A.

A type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulatory subunit that plays a role in confering CYCLIC AMP activation of protein kinase activity. It has a lower affinity for cAMP than the CYCLIC-AMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASE RIIALPHA SUBUNIT. Binding of this subunit by A KINASE ANCHOR PROTEINS may play a role in the cellular localization of type II protein kinase A.

A dsRNA-activated cAMP-independent protein serine/threonine kinase that is induced by interferon. In the presence of dsRNA and ATP, the kinase autophosphorylates on several serine and threonine residues. The phosphorylated enzyme catalyzes the phosphorylation of the alpha subunit of EUKARYOTIC INITIATION FACTOR-2, leading to the inhibition of protein synthesis.

Methyl analog of DEXTRORPHAN that shows high affinity binding to several regions of the brain, including the medullary cough center. This compound is an NMDA receptor antagonist (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE) and acts as a non-competitive channel blocker. It is one of the widely used ANTITUSSIVES, and is also used to study the involvement of glutamate receptors in neurotoxicity.

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