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Methane emissions from anaerobic sludge digesters in Mexico: On-site determination vs. IPCC Tier 1 method.

07:00 EST 26th November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Methane emissions from anaerobic sludge digesters in Mexico: On-site determination vs. IPCC Tier 1 method."

Wastewater treatment is an important source of methane (CH) emissions. In most large-size aerobic treatment plants, the excess sludge is digested in anaerobic reactors (AD), with the concomitant CH emissions. The guidelines of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have been adopted worldwide for quantifying the national emission inventories, which include wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) as a key category. The IPCC recommends using default emission factors (Tier 1) for countries with limited available data (such as Mexico and most developing countries). However, these estimates have a high degree of uncertainty, owing to the lack of reliable information about the operation process and local environmental conditions. In order to reduce uncertainty in the estimation of CH emission from WWTP in Mexico, a country-specific emission factor was determined for AD associated with activated sludge process. This was accomplished with on-site data obtained from the AD of six activated sludge WWTP. In addition, the measured CH emissions were compared to those resulting from the application of the IPCC Tier 1 method, using the recommended default methane correction factor (
MCF:
0.8) as well as alternate values (0.32 and 0.26) recently proposed by the authors. Results show that the IPCC Tier 1 method, using the recommended MCF, highly overestimate CH emissions compared with the values obtained on-site. In contrast, the alternate MCF achieved better estimations than the IPCC-recommended MCF, much closer to the observed emission values. The CH emission factor proposed as country (Mexico) specific value is 0.49 kg CH/kg BOD, which would allow the application of IPCC Tier 2 method. By doing so, the uncertainty associated with CH emission from aerobic treatment plants with AD would be reduced. This, in turn, would provide important information for implementing appropriate CH mitigation strategies for the water sector.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Science of the total environment
ISSN: 1879-1026
Pages: 468-474

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