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Previously, a maltose-specific channel porin, LamB was found to be associate with multi-drug resistance in a lamB deleted strain, but the exact mechanisms require further elucidation. Herein, differential protein expression between the Escherichia coli mutant strain ΔlamB and the wild type strain BW25113, with and without ciprofloxacin (CFLX), was identified using iTRAQ based liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS); while differential metabolite expression was examined using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Further Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses showed that lamB deletion leads to a decrease in several key metabolic pathways such as tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, pentose phosphate pathway and glycolysis/gluconeogenesis. When examining the ΔlamB strain without CFLX, many aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis and pyrimidine metabolism-related proteins were unaltered, but the addition of CFLX resulted in reduced levels. These findings indicate that a lamB deletion may confer antibiotic resistance by relieving the pressure of protein translation and DNA replication. To further examine antibiotic resistance, exogenous metabolites, including maltose, and several amino acids metabolites were evaluated to determine whether the resistance level could be reduced in the presence of CFLX. The obtained results indicate that lamB knockout may increase bacterial antibiotics resistance by decreasing metabolic pathway activity levels.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of proteomics
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