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The anti-retroviral nevirapine has been detected in surface waters throughout South Africa and its effects on non-target aquatic animals are still unknown. The aim was to investigate the potential effects of nevirapine on the hatching success and survival of Oreochromis mossambicus early life stages through a chronic exposure. The exposer started with newly fertilized O. mossambicus eggs and concluded 30 days after hatching. Environmental relevant concentration of nevirapine (1.48 µg/l) was used in a static renewal system and a controlled environment (27 ± 1°C; 14:10 day/night cycle). The main endpoints assessed included hatching success and survival; a morphological assessment was also done on whole individual on day 1 and 30 post-hatching to identify any physical abnormality. Nevirapine had no noticeable effects on the hatching success and survival of O. mossambicus larvae; no statistically significant differences were observed between the control and the nevirapine exposed fish (p > 0.05).
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of environmental health research
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