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Prophylaxis of osteonecrosis in the case of patients treated with bisphosphonates: A review paper.

07:00 EST 4th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Prophylaxis of osteonecrosis in the case of patients treated with bisphosphonates: A review paper."

Bisphosphonates are a group of medicines used in the treatment of oncological osteoporosis, Paget disease and osteogenesis imperfecta. They significantly interfere with the regeneration processes of bone tissue and have a tendency to accumulate in the areas of increased bone remodeling, i.e., the maxilla and the mandible. One of their most serious and problematic side effects is the induction of bisphosphonaterelated osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ), characterized by an exposed, necrotic bone in the maxillofacial area, which lasts longer than 8 weeks, in the case of a patient who is using or was using bisphosphonates and who did not undergo radiotherapy in this anatomical area. Dentistry manipulations are one of the factors which may increase the risk of BRONJ occurrence. The existing recommendations for preventing osteonecrosis are ambiguous. Some authors recommend that the bisphosphonate therapy be discontinued prior to dental procedures, while others say that there is no evidence for the effectiveness of interrupting the therapy. There is also no unequivocal attitude toward antibiotic prophylaxis. According to this research, each case should be considered individually, primarily having regard to the good of a patient.

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Name: Dental and medical problems
ISSN: 2300-9020
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Necrotic jaws or other maxillofacial skeleton necrosis associated with bisphosphonate use (see BISPHOSPHONATES). Injury, dental procedures, and trauma can trigger the necrotic process.

An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.

An article or book published after examination of published material on a subject. It may be comprehensive to various degrees and the time range of material scrutinized may be broad or narrow, but the reviews most often desired are reviews of the current literature. The textual material examined may be equally broad and can encompass, in medicine specifically, clinical material as well as experimental research or case reports. State-of-the-art reviews tend to address more current matters. A review of the literature must be differentiated from HISTORICAL ARTICLE on the same subject, but a review of historical literature is also within the scope of this publication type.

Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.

Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.

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