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Herpes simplex virus infection through the neuronal route is the most well-studied mode of viral encephalitis that can persists in a human host for a lifetime. However, the involvement of other possible infection mechanisms by the virus remains underexplored. Therefore, this study aims to determine the temporal effects and mechanisms by which the virus breaches the human brain micro-vascular endothelial cells of the blood-brain barrier.
This article was published in the following journal.
It remains a mystery why HIV-associated end-organ pathologies persist in the era of combined antiretroviral therapy (ART). One possible mechanism is the continued production of HIV encoded proteins in...
The vasculature is the paradigm of a compartment generated by parallel cellular barriers that aims to transport oxygen, nutrients and immune cells in complex organisms. Vascular barrier dysfunction le...
TAK1 is a key mediator of proinflammatory signals. In this issue of Developmental Cell, Naito et al. (2019) report that TAK1 loss from endothelial cells in adult mice results in intestinal and hepati...
High glucose (HG) has the potential to cause vascular endothelial cell injury, while microRNAs (miRNAs) play a key role in treating endothelial cell injury. CXC chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4) is reporte...
Diblock PLA-PEG nanoparticles were produced to establish the role of PEG chain length on brain vascular endothelial cell transcytosis. 100-nm nanoparticles tagged with fluorescent pyrene butanol and c...
The SAPPHIRE clinical trial seeks to establish the efficacy and safety of repeated monthly dosing of autologous EPCs transfected with human eNOS (heNOS) in patients with symptomatic severe...
This study mainly to observe the anti angiogenic drugs Endostatin (Endostar) combined with vinorelbine and Cisplatin (NP) as neoadjuvant therapy in patients with non small cell lung cance...
The vascular pathologic basis of diabetic foot include arterial obstruction and micro-circulation defects.The latest technology of arterial reconstruction can only rebuild blood flow of an...
This will be a prospective study conducted on women with a suspected/confirmed diagnosis of placental abruption. Maternal blood samples will be taken at various points during the peripartu...
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an important risk factor of cardio-cerebral vascular disease such as coronary heart disease. GLP-1 is a kind of incretin secreted by the L-cell located i...
A 200-230-kDa tyrosine kinase receptor for vascular endothelial growth factors found primarily in endothelial and hematopoietic cells and their precursors. VEGFR-2 is important for vascular and hematopoietic development, and mediates almost all endothelial cell responses to VEGF.
The original member of the family of endothelial cell growth factors referred to as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A was originally isolated from tumor cells and referred to as "tumor angiogenesis factor" and "vascular permeability factor". Although expressed at high levels in certain tumor-derived cells it is produced by a wide variety of cell types. In addition to stimulating vascular growth and vascular permeability it may play a role in stimulating VASODILATION via NITRIC OXIDE-dependent pathways. Alternative splicing of the mRNA for vascular endothelial growth factor A results in several isoforms of the protein being produced.
A vascular endothelial cell growth factor receptor whose expression is restricted primarily to adult lymphatic endothelium. VEGFR-3 preferentially binds the vascular endothelial growth factor C and vascular endothelial growth factor D and may be involved in the control of lymphangiogenesis.
A vascular endothelial growth factor that specifically binds to VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR-2 and VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR-3. In addition to being an angiogenic factor it can act on LYMPHATIC VESSELS to stimulate LYMPHANGIOGENESIS. It is similar in structure to VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR D in that they both contain N- and C-terminal extensions that were not found in other VEGF family members.
A vascular endothelial growth factor that specifically binds to VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR-2 and VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR-3. In addition to being an angiogenic factor it can act on LYMPHATIC VESSELS to stimulate LYMPHANGIOGENESIS. It is similar in structure to VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR C in that they both contain N- and C-terminal extensions that were not found in other VEGF family members.
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...