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A 0.5-T pure-in-plane-field magnetizing holder for in-situ Lorentz microscopy.

07:00 EST 22nd November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A 0.5-T pure-in-plane-field magnetizing holder for in-situ Lorentz microscopy."

A side-entry specimen holder capable of applying a 0.5-tesla in-plane magnetic-induction field for in-situ transmission electron microscopy was developed. Three miniaturized electromagnets with 300 × 300-µm pole area and 180-µm pole gap are stacked along the electron-beam path in the holder. The middle magnet is used for magnetizing the specimen, which is inserted into the pole gap by using a 40-µm-width cantilever for atomic-force microscopy. The upper and lower magnets are used to keep the electron beam parallel to the optical axis. Magnetic-field magnitude was determined on the basis of experimentally measured electron-deflection angles and induction-field profiles along the electron-beam path calculated by finite element electromagnetic simulation. Magnetization reversal in 300-nm-thick Nd-Fe-B magnets from the saturated state was in-situ observed by using the holder and a 1-MeV cold-field-emission transmission electron microscope. The observation revealed that domain-wall pinning occurred in different manners at the c-plane and non-c-plane grain boundaries. The holder was thereby shown to be useful for analysis of magnetization-reversal behaviors of hard magnetic materials.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Ultramicroscopy
ISSN: 1879-2723
Pages: 105-111

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.

Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.

A type of IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION in which target sequences are stained with fluorescent dye so their location and size can be determined using fluorescence microscopy. This staining is sufficiently distinct that the hybridization signal can be seen both in metaphase spreads and in interphase nuclei.

Electron microscopy in which the ELECTRONS or their reaction products that pass down through the specimen are imaged below the plane of the specimen.

Microscopy using polarized light in which phenomena due to the preferential orientation of optical properties with respect to the vibration plane of the polarized light are made visible and correlated parameters are made measurable.

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