Myocardial oxygen balance during acute normovolemic hemodilution: A novel compartmental modeling approach.

07:00 EST 12th December 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Myocardial oxygen balance during acute normovolemic hemodilution: A novel compartmental modeling approach."

Hemodilution was introduced initially as a blood conservation technique to reduce allogeneic blood transfusion in patients undergoing surgical procedures. Although the technique has been approved by the National Institute of Health consensus panel, limits of hemodilution under anesthetic conditions have not been established as they have in animal models.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Computers in biology and medicine
ISSN: 1879-0534
Pages: 16-26


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An episode of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA that generally lasts longer than a transient anginal episode but that does not usually result in MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

A clinical syndrome defined by MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA symptoms; persistent elevation in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM; and release of BIOMARKERS of myocardial NECROSIS (e.g., elevated TROPONIN levels). ST segment elevation in the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also NON-ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

A diverse group of agents, with unique chemical structures and biochemical requirements, which generate NITRIC OXIDE. These compounds have been used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and the management of acute myocardial infarction, acute and chronic congestive heart failure, and surgical control of blood pressure. (Adv Pharmacol 1995;34:361-81)

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Surgical treatments
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...

Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation in all or part of the body. It may result from damage to nerves or can be induced by an anesthetist (a medical professional) using anesthetics such as thiopental or propofol or sevoflurane during a surgical ...

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