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Several bisphenol A (BPA) analogues have been detected in environmental samples, foodstuffs, and/or human biological samples, and there is concern regarding their potential endocrine-disrupting effects. In this study, we characterized the agonistic and/or antagonistic activities of BPA and eight its analogues against human estrogen receptors (ERα/β), androgen receptor (AR), glucocorticoid receptor (GR), pregnane X receptor (PXR), and constitutive androstane receptor (CAR). All the test compounds, except for bisphenol P (BPP), showed both ERα and ERβ agonistic activities, with bisphenol AF (BPAF) being the most potent. On the other hand, BPAF and BPP showed ERα and ERβ antagonistic activities. Interestingly, their ER activities demonstrated a preference toward ERβ. All the test compounds, except for bisphenol S, showed AR antagonistic activities, with bisphenol E being the most potent. Weak GR antagonistic activities were also found in BPA and five its analogues. PXR agonistic activity was observed in the six compounds, with bisphenol Z being the most potent. Results of the CAR assay revealed that BPA and five its analogues acted as CAR inverse agonists. Taken together, these results suggested that BPA analogues demonstrate multiple effects via human nuclear receptors in a similar manner to BPA, and several analogues might have more potent endocrine-disrupting activity than does BPA.
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Recent imposition of restriction on the use of Bisphenol-A (BPA) paved the way for entry of its analogues in the market. Bisphenol-B and Bisphenol-F are the major analogues of commercial value. Thus, ...
The use of bisphenol A (BPA) in manufacturing of plastics is being gradually replaced by presumably safer analogues such as bisphenol S (BPS), bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol AF (BPAF). Despite their ...
Bisphenol analogues have been developed as alternatives to bisphenol A (BPA), a common chemical with potential adverse effects on human health. It is imperative to perform a fast and sensitive evaluat...
Bisphenol analogues and alkyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic (parabens) can be defined as emerging endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) due to their similar characteristics. This study analyzed eight bis...
Although Bisphenol-A (BPA) has been found to exhibit toxicological properties such as genotoxicity and oxidative stress, there is very little data available on its analogues. Since the replacement of ...
The time course of bisphenol S in plasma and urine will be monitored in female adults exposed to a single oral and dermal dose of bisphenol-S. Six female will be recruited. Blood and urine...
This study examine oral bisphenol A consumption on muscle insulin sensitivity and hepatic glucose suppression. Half of the participants will receive a diet plus BPA and the other half will...
The Composites and Urinary Bisphenol-A Study (CUBS) is a clinical study of dental composite for its effects on urinary bisphenol-A levels. The study will enroll approximately 139 children ...
It has been reported that therapy with polymer-based dental filling materials was associated with higher concentrations of bisphenol A in saliva and urine directly after the treatment. The...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a 3-week intervention reduces urinary Bisphenol A (BPA) in women with obesity
A nuclear receptor coactivator with specificity for ESTROGEN RECEPTORS; PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS; and THYROID HORMONE RECEPTORS. It contains a histone acetyltransferase activity that may play a role in the transcriptional activation of chromatin regions.
The reaction product of bisphenol A and glycidyl methacrylate that undergoes polymerization when exposed to ultraviolet light or mixed with a catalyst. It is used as a bond implant material and as the resin component of dental sealants and composite restorative materials.
The process that reverts CELL NUCLEI of fully differentiated somatic cells to a pluripotent or totipotent state. This process can be achieved to a certain extent by NUCLEAR TRANSFER TECHNIQUES, such as fusing somatic cell nuclei with enucleated pluripotent embryonic stem cells or enucleated totipotent oocytes. GENE EXPRESSION PROFILING of the fused hybrid cells is used to determine the degree of reprogramming. Dramatic results of nuclear reprogramming include the generation of cloned mammals, such as Dolly the sheep in 1997.
Proteins that enhance gene expression when associated with ligand bound activated NUCLEAR RECEPTORS. The coactivators may act through an enzymatic process that affects the rate of transcription or the structure of chromatin. Alternatively nuclear receptor coactivators can function as adaptor proteins that bring nuclear receptors into close proximity with transcriptional complexes.
An AT-hook-containing (AT-HOOK MOTIFS) nuclear protein that may be involved in retinoid-dependent transcriptional activity.
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...
Pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas caused by the release of activated pancreatic enzymes. Common triggers are biliary tract disease and chronic heavy alcohol intake. Diagnosis is based on clinical presentation...
An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...