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Intracranial Vessel Wall Lesions on 7T MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging).

07:00 EST 1st January 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Intracranial Vessel Wall Lesions on 7T MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)."

Background and Purpose- Intracranial vessel wall lesions are a novel imaging marker of intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS), but data on their occurrence and risk factors are lacking. Our aim was to study the frequency, distribution, and risk factors of intracranial vessel wall lesions on 7T magnetic resonance imaging in patients with a history of vascular disease. Methods- Within the SMART-MR study (Second Manifestations of Arterial Disease-Magnetic Resonance), cross-sectional analyses were performed in 130 patients (68±9 years) with assessable 7T intracranial vessel wall-magnetic resonance imaging data. Associations between vascular risk factors and ICAS burden, defined as the total number of vessel wall lesions, were estimated using linear regression analyses with ICAS burden as the dependent variable, adjusted for age and sex. Results- Ninety-six percent of patients had ≥1 vessel wall lesion. The mean±SD (range) ICAS burden was 8.5±5.7 (0-32) lesions. Significant associations were found between ICAS burden and age ( b=2.0 per +10 years; 95% CI, 0.81- 3.10), systolic blood pressure ( b=0.9 per +10 mm Hg; 95% CI, 0.27-1.42), diabetes mellitus ( b=3.2 for presence of diabetes mellitus; 95% CI, 0.79-5.72), hemoglobin A1c level ( b=1.2 per +1%; 95% CI, 0.19-2.26), apoB (apolipoprotein-B) ( b=4.7 per +1 g/L; 95% CI, 0.07-9.35), and hs-CRP (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein) level ( b=2.7 for hs-CRP >3 mg/L; 95% CI, 0.22-5.11). No significant associations were found with sex, smoking, and other lipid-factors. Conclusions- Vessel wall lesions are a novel and direct magnetic resonance imaging marker of ICAS. In this cohort, 96% of patients had at least 1 lesion on 7T vessel wall-magnetic resonance imaging. More lesions were found with older age, higher systolic blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, and higher levels of hemoglobin A1c, apoB, and hs-CRP.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Stroke
ISSN: 1524-4628
Pages: 88-94

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