Beecher Dépassé: Fifty Years of Determining Death, Legally.

08:00 EDT 1st November 2018 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Beecher Dépassé: Fifty Years of Determining Death, Legally."

Five decades ago, Henry Knowles Beecher, a renowned professor of research anesthesiology, sought to solve a problem created by modern medicine. The solution proposed by Beecher and his colleagues on the Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School to Examine the Definition of Brain Death proved very influential.1 Indeed, other contemporaneous medical developments magnified its significance yet also made the solution it offered somewhat problematic. As we mark this fiftieth anniversary, at a time when concerns about the conceptual model on which its recommendations rested are being voiced by critics from medicine as well as philosophy, it is worthwhile to view the committee's report in relation to the problem that prompted its existence as well as the one to which it was quickly applied.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Hastings Center report
ISSN: 1552-146X
Pages: S14-S18


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [12986 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A Path Not Taken: Beecher, Brain Death, and the Aims of Medicine.

It has been fifty years since a report by an ad hoc committee of Harvard Medical School ushered in the widespread adoption of brain death as a definition of death. Yet brain death remains disputed as ...

Brain Death and the Law: Hard Cases and Legal Challenges.

The determination of death by neurological criteria-"brain death"-has long been legally established as death in all U.S. jurisdictions. Moreover, the consequences of determining brain death have been ...

Who is legally responsible for deaths caused by air pollution?

A person's death is deemed unnatural when it is the result of an external force. This definition, however, does not apply when the cause of death is a respiratory or cardiovascular process triggered b...

Brain Death: A Conclusion in Search of a Justification.

At its inception, "brain death" was proposed not as a coherent concept but as a useful one. The 1968 Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School to Examine the Definition of Brain Death gave no rea...

Contentious Ethical and Legal Aspects of Determination of Brain Death.

Although the concept of death by neurologic criteria is accepted throughout much of the world and death can legally be determined by neurologic criteria throughout the United States, the process is fr...

Clinical Trials [3574 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Estimation of Disability Adjusted Life Years in Reunion Island and Comparison to Metropolitan France and Other Countries in the Indian Ocean Zone

AVIRON study aims at estimating the burden of various causes of death and morbidity in the Reunion Island population.

Detecting Heart Disease Using First Pass Imaging With Gated SPECT Perfusion

The aim of this study is to determine if stress first pass imaging in conjunction with a nuclear scan will improve the sensitivity for detecting heart disease. This study will also test t...

Comparing of a 22G EUS Procore Fine Needle Biopsy Device and a 20G EUS Procore Fine Needle Biopsy Device

The purpose of this study is to compare the diagnosis accuracy of 22G EUS Procore fine needle biopsy (FNB)device and 20G EUS Procore fine needle biopsy device for solid pancreatic lesi...

Crossover Trial Determining the Efficacy of Dry Powder Mannitol to Improve Lung Function in Subjects Aged 6-17 Years

It is hypothesised that inhaled mannitol 400 mg b.d. will lead to a significant improvement in the absolute change in percentage of predicted FEV1 from baseline following eight-weeks of tr...

Safety and Efficacy Study of AVI-5126 When Used on Vein Grafts Before Use in Heart by-Pass Graft Surgery (CABG)

For some people who have heart by-pass surgery, the vein that is used to by-pass a blockage will, after some time, become narrowed and possibly blocked. AVI-5126 blocks a gene that is bel...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The exclusive right, granted by law for a certain number of years, to make and dispose of copies of a literary, musical or artistic work. In the United States the copyright is granted for the life of the author plus 50 years. In the case of a joint work, it is for the life of the last joint author to die, plus 50 years. In either case the copyright runs until the end of the calendar year 50 years after the author's death. (Random House College Dictionary, rev ed; Strong, W.S.: The Copyright Book: a Practical Guide, 1981)

Legal documents that are declarations of individuals' wishes regarding the disposal of their property or estate after death; esp: written instruments, legally executed, by which dispositions are made of estates. LIVING WILLS are written declarations regarding prolongation of life by extraordinary means.

Radionuclide ventriculography where a bolus of radionuclide is injected and data are recorded from one pass through the heart ventricle. Left and right ventricular function can be analyzed independently during this technique. First-pass ventriculography is preferred over GATED BLOOD-POOL IMAGING for assessing right ventricular function.

A conserved protein interaction domain of the death domain superfamily that is structurally similar to the DEATH EFFECTOR DOMAIN and CASPASE RECRUITMENT DOMAIN. Death domains bind each other to form oligomers and occur on DEATH DOMAIN RECEPTORS, where they are required for APOPTOSIS signaling and non-apoptotic functions.

Nitrogen oxide (NO2). A highly poisonous gas. Exposure produces inflammation of lungs that may only cause slight pain or pass unnoticed, but resulting edema several days later may cause death. (From Merck, 11th ed) It is a major atmospheric pollutant that is able to absorb UV light that does not reach the earth's surface.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...

Searches Linking to this Article