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Almost all currently used technologies for the food production are related to the melanoidinformation reaction, which has a significant effect on appearance, taste, nutritional value and consumer properties of the foodstuffs. To assess the effect of heat treatment of food products on their nutritional value, food model systems protein hydrolyzate - glucose, hydrolyzate protein - xylose, hydrolyzate protein - fructose (1:5) have been investigated. The influence of the presence of reducing sugars, the temperature and the duration of heating on the content of amino acids and the extinction of solutions of model food systems have been studied. Linear dependences of the decrease in the total amino acid content in model food systems on the duration of the melanoidin formation reaction have been found. The loss of the total amino acid content when heating to 120 °C for 120 min was 23.9%; at the same time the content of essential amino acids reduced by 15.5-24.6%. The addition of xylose intensified the process of destruction of amino acids in the model system by 12.7%, at the same time glucose provoked the destruction of amino acids by only 2.3%. It has been established that amino acids threonine, isoleucine and histidine were unstable to destruction, regardless of the type of added sugar. When white wheat bread was heated, the loss of its nutritional value was established by reducing the content of such essential acids as threonine (by 26.5%), methionine (by 21.2%), lysine (by 13.3%) and valine (by 12,1%). It was noted that at the same temperature with increasing time of the melanoidin formation reaction, the content of amino acids in the system decreased with simultaneous intensification of the staining of the solutions. Extinction of model food systems varied according to the following equations: hydrolyzate-glucose - y = 0.0022x, hydrolyzate-xylose - y = 0.0028x, hydrolyzate-fructose - y = 0.0032x.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Voprosy pitaniia
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A MOLYBDENUM requiring enzyme that catalyzes the terminal reaction in the oxidative degradation of SULFUR AMINO ACIDS with the formation of a sulfate. A deficiency of sulfite oxidase results in sulfocysteinuria.
Amino acids and chains of amino acids connected by peptide linkages.
A reaction characterized by a violet color upon the addition of copper sulfate to all compounds with two amide or peptide bonds linked directly or through an intermediate carbon atom. Used in the detection and estimation of proteins and peptides having more than two amino acids.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of proteins in the diet, characterized by adaptive enzyme changes in the liver, increase in amino acid synthetases, and diminution of urea formation, thus conserving nitrogen and reducing its loss in the urine. Growth, immune response, repair, and production of enzymes and hormones are all impaired in severe protein deficiency. Protein deficiency may also arise in the face of adequate protein intake if the protein is of poor quality (i.e., the content of one or more amino acids is inadequate and thus becomes the limiting factor in protein utilization). (From Merck Manual, 16th ed; Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p406)
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
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